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ASSEMBLE yourselves together, be gathered together, O nation not worthy to be loved:

Ver. 1.  Together, in love.  S. Jer.


--- Heb. "gather" the wood or chaff, (C.) your wicked deeds, lest they prove the fuel of fire.  C. i. 18.  H.


--- He addresses the Jews and all their neighbours.  C.


--- Though you deserve no love, God will receive the penitent.  W.

2 Before the decree bring forth the day as dust passing away, before the fierce anger of the Lord come upon you, before the day of the Lord's indignation come upon you.

Ver. 2.  The day.  Heb. "to-day."  C.


--- Sept. "before you become as a passing flower."  Prot. "before the day pass as the chaff."  H.

3 Seek the Lord, all ye meek of the earth, you that have wrought his judgment: seek the just, seek the meek: if by any means you may be hid in the day of the Lord's indignation.

Ver. 3.  Just.  Heb. "justice."  C.


--- Sept. "righteousness, and answer the same."  H.


--- Scarcely the innocent will escape.  M.


--- The prophet does not specify the crimes of the Philistines, as Ezechiel (xxv. 15.) does.  C.

4 For Gaza shall be destroyed, and Ascalon shall be a desert, they shall cast out Azotus at noonday, and Accaron shall be rooted up.

Ver. 4.  Shall be, or "is."  The prophets often represent future things as past, to shew the certainty of the event.  The destruction of other cities by the Chaldees, gave the Jews to understand what they had to expect, as all sin must be punished sooner or later.  W.


--- Psammetichus, and his son, Nachao, probably fell upon these cities.  C.


--- The former besieged Azotus for twenty-nine years.  Herod. ii. 157.


--- Afterwards Nabuchodonosor reduced the country, beginning with the house of God.  Jer. xlvii. 4.  Ezec. xxv. 15, &c.  C.


Accaron, the most northern city of the Philistian principalities, (H.) attributed to Juda or Dan, though neither held it for any length of time. Beelzebub was chiefly adored here, 4K. i. 2.


Azotus, or as the Heb. writes, Asdod, on the Mediterranean, was noted for the temple of Dagon, (1 K. v. 1,) which Jonathas destroyed. Joseph. xxii. 8. C.

5 Woe to you that inhabit the sea coast, O nation of reprobates: the word of the Lord upon you, O Chanaan, the land of the Philistines, and I will destroy thee, so that there shall not be an inhabitant.

Ver. 5.  Coast.  Lit. "line," (H.) with which land was measured.  C.


--- Reprobates.  Heb. cerethim, (H.) or Cerethi, of whom David's guards were formed.  C.


--- Sept. "people sprung the Cretans," whence some (Theod.) of the Philistines came, perhaps rather than from Cyprus, as was conjectured.  Gen. x. 14.


--- Chanaan.  So the Philistines are styled contemptuously.  They adored the same idols.  Wisd. xii. 23.

6 And the sea coast shall be the resting place of shepherds, and folds for cattle:

Ver. 6.  Shepherds.  Merchants shall come no longer, the country being subdued by Nabuchodonosor, and by the Machabees.  v. 7.


--- Alexander ruined Gaza.  Curt. iv.


7 And it shall be the portion of him that shall remain of the house of Juda, there they shall feed: in the houses of Ascalon they shall rest in the evening: because the Lord their God will visit them, and bring back their captivity.

8 I have heard the reproach of Moab, and the blasphemies of the children of Ammon, with which they reproached my people, and have magnified themselves upon their borders.

Ver. 8.  Borders, helping the Chaldeans.  This brought on their ruin.  S. Jer.


--- They were always disposed to seize the country.

9 Therefore as I live, saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel, Moab shall be as Sodom, and the children of Ammon as Gomorrha, the dryness of thorns, and heaps of salt, and a desert even for ever: the remnant of my people shall make a spoil of them, and the residue of my nation shall possess them.

Ver. 9.  Dryness.  Sept. "Damascus shall be abandoned as a heap on the barn-floor, and disappearing for an age."  H.


--- This city is threatened with the rest.  Is. xvii. 1.  C.


--- Ever.  Sept. refer this to Damascus, others to Ammon, &c.  H.


--- The latter nations were in desolation for a long time; but had re-established themselves, when the Machabees reduced them again.  Jer. xlviii. and 1 Mac. v. 6.

10 This shall befall them for their pride: because they have blasphemed, and have been magnified against the people of the Lord of hosts. 11 The Lord shall be terrible upon them, and shall consume all the gods of the earth: and they shall adore him every man from his own place, all the islands of the Gentiles.

Ver. 11.  Own place.  The Jewish religion could be practised only at Jerusalem, so that this is one of the most striking predictions of the conversion of the world.  The Jews in vain attempt to restrain it to the captives returning.  See S. Jer.  C.


--- They shall inform many of the truth, and be the means of their conversion.  H.


--- But God shall be adored in every place.  M.

12 You Ethiopians, also shall be slain with my sword.

Ver. 12.  Ethiopians.  Heb. Cushim, denotes also the Arabs, &c. who fell a prey to the Chaldeans.  C.


13 And he will stretch out his hand upon the north, and will destroy Assyria: and he will make the beautiful city a wilderness, and as a place not passable, and as a desert.

Ver. 13.  The beautiful city.  Ninive, which was destroyed soon after this, viz. in the sixteenth year of the reign of Josias.  Ch.  A. 3378.


--- Heb. "he shall make Ninive desolate."  H.


--- This famous and potent city was at last destroyed.  W.  See Jonas iii. 4.  C.


Assyria. The successors of Cyrus now ruled over those countries, (C.) which had belonged to the most potent Assyrian and Chaldean monarchs; and therefore the titles are given to them indiscriminately. T.

14 And flocks shall lie down in the midst thereof, all the beasts of the nations: and the bittern and the urchin shall lodge in the threshold thereof: the voice of the singing bird in the window, the raven on the upper post, for I will consume her strength.

Ver. 14.  Bittern and the urchin.  Heb. kaath and kippod, are terms to us (H.) unknown.


--- Threshold.  Heb. "the pomegranates," supposed to be an ornament of the doors.


--- Raven.  Sept. also read arb better than choreb, "the desolation or the sword."  See Is. xxxiv. 11.  C.


--- Chereb has both meanings, "a raven, or sword."  S. Jer.


--- I will.  Heb. "he has uncovered her cedar," (C.) her fine palaces and apartments.  Sept. "for the cedar is its height, (or pride) this is the city given to evils, that," &c.  H.


15 This is the glorious city that dwelt in security: that said in her heart: I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desert, a place for beasts to lie down in? every one that passeth by her, shall hiss, and wag his hand.

Ver. 15.  Beside, or equal.  This was true.  Jonas i. 2.  C.


--- The founder intended that no city should ever equal it.  Diod. ii.  S. Jerom applies what is here said of Ninive to the Church in the times of antichrist, (Rondet.) or to a fallen soul.  Any nation may abandon the faith: but the whole Church cannot fail.  H.

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