PSALM LIII. (DEUS IN NOMINE TUO.)
A prayer for help in distress.
Ver. 2. Ziph lay to the south of Juda. H.
--- David was rescued from the most imminent danger, by an irruption of the Philistines. He then composed this canticle, expressing his sentiments in danger, and his gratitude to God. C.
--- It may also be used by any person in distress. W.
--- The Church orders it to be said by her ministers at Prime, that they may be protected from all their spiritual enemies. Bert.
--- The Fathers apply it to Jesus Christ, (S. Hil.) or to his persecuted members. S. Aug.
Ver. 3. Name, which is a strong tower, (Prov. xviii. 10. C.) event thyself. Hence it is so criminal to take it in vain. Bert.
--- Judge. Ancient psalters have, "deliver." Saul and the Zipheans persecute me unjustly. I commit my cause to thee. H.
--- Defend me for the justice of my cause. W.
Ver. 5. Strangers. Barbarous, (W.) enemies, though of the same tribe. C.
--- Hostis dicebatur quem nunc peregrinum dicimus. Cic. Off. i.
--- The devil and our passions, as well as the world, are such to us. Bert.
Ver. 6. Behold. He admires how God delivered him, though Saul seemed to have only one step more to take. Jesus Christ was secure amid the persecutions of the Jews, till he was pleased to deliver himself up. Jo. x. 18. C.
Ver. 7. Truth. To fulfil thy promises. H.
--- He foretells their destruction.
Ver. 8. Freely, without being commanded. W. M. Lev. iii. 1.
--- Jesus Christ was offered, because he would. Is. liii. 7. Jo. x. 17. S. Jer.
--- Good, so to do, (D.) or sweet in itself. Ps. li. 11. C.
Ver. 9. Enemies, from the hill which divided the armies. I saw them retire, (H.) and in security beheld their chastisement. M.