Ver. 1. Alleluia. In some editions of the Sept. (H.) and in Syr. Arab. &c. the same inscription occurs, as in the former psalms. Many ascribe this to the same authors, and to the same occasion. Heb. and Chal. have no title. Yet the psalm seems to be a thanksgiving (C.) for the permission to build the temple and walls of Jerusalem, (Orig.) which had been neglected, till God visited the people with a famine, v. 8. 2 Esd. v. 1. Agg. i. 6. Bossuet
--- Zorobabel, &c. urge the people to build. Syr. C.
--- Still David might compose this psalm, as he was a prophet, (Bert.) and he may allude to the beginning of his reign, when the people were all united. Jans.
--- Good. Agreeable and advantageous for us.
--- Praise. This consists in purity of life, rather than in the sweetest accents. C.
PSALM CXLVI. (LAUDATE DOMINUM.)
An exhortation to praise God for his benefits.
Ver. 2. Jerusalem. After the captivity, (W.) or at the beginning of David's reign, when he had taken Sion, and Israel acknowledged his dominion. 2 K. v. It may also allude to the Church, (Jo. xi. 51.) and to heaven. Heb. xii. 22. Apoc. xxi. Bert.
Ver. 3. Bruises. God delivered the captives, after chastising them. Deut. xxxii. 39. C.
--- He gives life to the penitent, as Christ healed the sick, &c. Is. lxi. 1. Bert.
Ver. 4. Stars. Which to man are innumerable. Though some have counted 1022 with Ptolemy, yet the discovery of telescopes has shewn that many more are discernible, (C.) and none would dare at present to fix their number. Bert.
--- Cicero (Of. i.) treats this as a thing impossible. See Gen. xv. 5. C.
--- Ptolemy could only ascertain the number of the more notorious. W.
--- Kimchi admits 1098 created to shine, besides innumerable others, which have influence over plants, &c. God has the most perfect knowledge of all. They are like his soldiers, whom he knows by name, (Is. xl. 25.) as the good shepherd does his sheep. Jo. x. 3. C.
--- We read that Cyrus knew the name of all his officers, (Cyrop. v.) and that Adrian, and Scipio, the Asiatic, could even name all the soldiers in their armies.
Ver. 5. Power. God the Son. Earthly monarchs are forced to depend on others for the execution of their orders. But God is infinite. C.
--- Number. He knows innumerable things: (W.) or rather, (H.) the divine wisdom hath no parts. Jer. x. 6. Bert.
Ver. 6. Ground. As he has done to the Egyptians, &c. C.
Ver. 7. Praise. Lit. "confession," (H.) including both compunction and praise. Bert.
Ver. 8. Clouds. This is represented as something wonderful, (Job v. 9. and xxxvii. 6.) though conformable to the laws of nature. The preservation of things is like a new creation. C.
--- And the herb, &c. Herbam, (Ps. ciii. 14. H.) is now wanting in Heb. as it was in the days of S. Jer. and the Chal. though the Sept. Aquila, &c. read it, and it is not probable that they would borrow it from another psalm. Bert.
--- Their copies must therefore have varied. H.
--- The herb, may denote corn, and all vegetables for food. These productions evince the goodness and wisdom of God, (Bert.) as well as his power. W.
Ver. 9. Young. Lit. "the sons of ravens," which may denote those birds in general, as well as their young. God provides for all. Many fables have been recounted concerning ravens, as if they neglected or forgot their young ones; and the Hebrews seem to have entertained some of these opinions, to which the sacred writers conform themselve. , Job xxxviii. 41. C.
--- S. Luke (xii. 24.) specifies ravens, though S. Matthew (vi. 26.) has the birds, when relating the same speech.
--- Upon him, must be understood in Hebrew. See Ps. ciii. 21. (Bert.) Joel i. 20. C.
--- If God take such care of the neglected ravens, how much more will he provide for his servants? S. Chrys. W.