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ALLELUIA, of Aggeus and Zacharias.

PSALM CLXV.  (LAUDA ANIMA.)

We are not to trust in men, but in God alone.


Ver. 1.  Of, &c.  This addition of the Sept. intimates that these prophets would thus exhort the people to trust in Providence, and to prefer his service before worldly cares.  See Ps. cxxxvi.  W.

 

--- They might compose this psalm after Cyrus had revoked the permission to build the temple, (v. 2. and 1 Esd. i. 3. and iv. 4.) as the following psalms seem all to have been sung at the dedication of the walls.  C.

 

--- This might be the case, but the titles afford but a slender proof, and David might write this to excite himself and people to confide in God.

 

--- In my.  Heb. begins here the second verse, with the answer of the soul to the prophet's invitation.  It is immortal, and promises always to praise the Lord.  Bert.


2 Praise the Lord, O my soul, in my life I will praise the Lord: I will sing to my God as long as I shall be. Put not your trust in princes:

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3 in the children of men, in whom there is no salvation.

Ver. 3.  Children.  Heb. "sons of Adam."  the greatest prince is of the same frail condition as other men.  He is not always willing, nor able to save.  He must die, and all his project cease.  H.

 

--- If we could have depended on any, Cyrus seemed to be the person.  Yet he has been deceived, and now forbids the building of a temple.  We must, however, be grateful for the liberty which we enjoy by the goodness of God.  C.

 

--- In one Son of man (Christ) we may trust; not because he is the Son of man, but because he is the Son of God.  S. Aug.  W.


4 His spirit shall go forth, and he shall return into his earth: in that day all their thoughts shall perish.

Ver. 4.  Forth.  From the body, which shall be consigned to the earth from which it was taken.  Eccle. xii. 7.

 

--- And he.  Man, (C.) or each of the princes, (H.) with respect to the body.  W.

 

--- It does not refer to the spirit, which in Heb. is feminine.  C.

 

--- It is the want of faith, which causes people to confide in great ones, rather than in Providence.  S. Aug.

 

--- Thoughts. Projects of ambition, &c.  C.


5 Blessed is he who hath the God of Jacob for his helper, whose hope is in the Lord his God: 6 who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all things that are in them.

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7 Who keepeth truth for ever: who executeth judgment for them that suffer wrong: who giveth food to the hungry. The Lord looseth them that are fettered:

Ver. 7.  Truth.  Houb. "his truth," and promises.  H.

 

--- The disposition of Cyrus towards the Jews had changed, in consequence of some false insinuations of their enemies.

 

--- Wrong.  The Babylonians have been, and the Samaritans will be, punished.

 

--- Fettered.  We may hope to be freed from the dominion of the Persians.  C.


8 the Lord enlighteneth the blind. The Lord lifteth up them that are cast down: the Lord loveth the just.

Ver. 8.  Enlighteneth.  Heb. "openeth the eyes."  Sept. "gives wisdom to the blind."  Many of these favours seem to be understood in a spiritual sense, and allude to the times of Christ, when these miracles were performed.  Bert.  Is. xxxv. 5.  Matt. xi. 5.  C.


9 The Lord keepeth the strangers, he will support the fatherless and the widow: and the ways of sinners he will destroy.

Ver. 9.  Strangers.  He charges his people to be compassionate towards such.  Ex. xxii. 21.  Jam. i. 27.  Bert.

 

--- We have been captives.  Ps. cxii. 9.

 

--- Sinners, who have calumniated us, v. 7.  C.


10 The Lord shall reign for ever: thy God, O Sion, unto generation and generation.

Ver. 10.  Sion.  Figure of the true Church.  God is now more attached to Sion than to any other place.  Bert.

 

--- He lives for ever, and therefore alone deserves our confidence.  C.

 

--- Generation.  Heb. adds, "Alleluia," which we have in the next title, as the psalm also begins with the same word.  H.




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