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PRAISE ye the name of the Lord: O you his servants, praise the Lord:

Ver. 1.  Alleluia.  The psalm turns on God's praises, and might be composed by David, after he had settled the order of the Levites, though it may suit all people.  Bert.

 

--- The latter part agrees with Ps. xciii. and Jer. x. which might lead us to conclude that it was composed after the captivity perhaps for the dedication of the second temple.  The next psalm is a repetition of this, with the chorus interspersed.  C.


PSALM CXXXIV.  (LAUDATE NOMEN.)

An exhortation to praise God: the vanity of idols.


2 You that stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.

Ver. 2.  Courts.  Both clergy and laity praise God for his favours and power.  W.


3 Praise ye the Lord, for the Lord is good: sing ye to his name, for it is sweet.

Ver. 3.  Sweet.  Occupation, and very useful.  Ps. cxlvi. 1.  C.


4 For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself: Israel for his own possession.

Ver. 4.  Possession.  Heb. "jewel," "property."  Chal. "well-beloved."  See Deut. lii. 8.  Eccli. xvii. 14.  C.

 

--- The first patriarchs corresponded with God's goodness: but their descendants were for the most part ungrateful: so that Christians have now entered into their place, and must praise God.  Bert.


5 For I have known that the Lord is great, and our God is above all gods.

Ver. 5.  Gods.  Whatever is so esteemed by men.  S. Chrys.

 

--- He then proceeds to shew the vanity of such false gods.  C.


6 Whatsoever the Lord hath pleased he hath done, in heaven, in earth, in the sea, and in all the deeps. 7 He bringeth up clouds from the end of the earth: he hath made lightnings for the rain. He bringeth forth winds out of his stores:

Ver. 7.  Earth.  The Mediterranean sea is so called.  Lu. xii. 54.

 

--- Rain.  Indicating, or causing rain.  H.

 

--- The most incompatible things are united.  Theod.

 

--- The sinner melts into tears at the sight of God's judgments.  S. Aug.

 

--- Stores, which are his will and decrees.  Theod.  Jer. li. 16.



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8 He slew the firstborn of Egypt from man even unto beast.

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9 He sent forth signs and wonders in the midst of thee, O Egypt: upon Pharao, and upon all his servants.


10 He smote many nations, and slew mighty kings:

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11 Sehon king of the Amorrhites, and Og king of Basan, and all the kingdoms of Chanaan.

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Basan

Basan (Deut 3:4), a region S. of the Plain of Damascus; at first the Kingdom of Og, then given to the tribe of Manasses.

12 And gave their land for an inheritance, for an inheritance to his people Israel.
13 Thy name, O Lord, is for ever: thy memorial, O Lord, unto all generations. 14 For the Lord will judge his people, and will be entreated in favour of his servants.

Ver. 14.  Entreated.  Deut. xxxii. 36.  "Have pity," (Bert.) or revenge.


15 The idols of the Gentiles are silver and gold, the works of men's hands.

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16 They have a mouth, but they speak not: they have eyes, but they see not.

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17 They have ears, but they hear not: neither is there any breath in their mouths. 18 Let them that make them be like to them: and every one that trusteth in them. 19 Bless the Lord, O house of Israel: bless the Lord, O house of Aaron. 20 Bless the Lord, O house of Levi: you that fear the Lord, bless the Lord.

Ver. 20.  Fear.  It was important to distinguish the priests from the people.  C.


21 Blessed be the Lord out of Sion, who dwelleth in Jerusalem.


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