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I have lifted up my eyes to the mountains, from whence help shall come to me.


God is the keeper of his servants.

Ver. 1.  Canticle.  David wrote this during his flight from Absalom; (Grot.) and de Muis judges from the martial air, that it was composed in the midst of danger.  It relates to the captives, (Orig.  C.) and to all in the pilgrimage of this world.  Bert.


--- Mountains.  Jerusalem, and heaven, whence all our help must come.  God most readily hears the prayers which are poured forth in places appointed by him.  W.


--- Jerusalem was situated among mountains, and the Jews turned towards it in prayer.  Dan. vi. 10.  They did not depend on human aid.  Jer. iii. 22.

2 My help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth. 3 May he not suffer thy foot to be moved: neither let him slumber that keepeth thee.

Ver. 3.  May.  Heb. "he will not."  Many have read in the second person, both in the Heb. and Sept. "Suffer not thy," &c.  Aquila,  S. Aug. &c.  C.

4 Behold he shall neither slumber nor sleep, that keepeth Israel.

Ver. 4.  Israel.  The Church militant.  W.


--- These figurative expressions shew that God will never cease to protect his people.  Bert.

5 The Lord is thy keeper, the Lord is thy protection upon thy right hand.

Ver. 5.  Hand.  Always ready.  Ps. xc. 4. and xv. 8.  H.

6 The sun shall not burn thee by day: nor the moon by night.

Ver. 6.  Night.  Neither prosperity nor adversity shall hurt thee, (S. Jer.) or the Church.  W.


--- Cold is said to burn or parch up.  Gen. xxxi. 40.  Justin (2) writes of the Scythians, Quanquam continuis frigoribut urantur, as the effects of extreme heat and cold are similar.  The Jews were protected from both at their return; (Is. iv. 6. and xlix. 10.  C.) though we may doubt of this explanation, as the text is applied to those in heaven.  Apoc. vii. 16.  Bert.

7 The Lord keepeth thee from all evil: may the Lord keep thy soul.

Ver. 7.  Keepeth.  Heb. also, "shall or may."  The words of a prophet are always true, and the tenses are varied at pleasure by S. Jerom, &c.  Bert.


--- Soul, or spiritual life.  W.  1 Pet. i. 4.

8 May the Lord keep thy going in and thy going out; from henceforth now and for ever.

Ver. 8.  Coming in.  Heb. has, "going out," first.  Bert.


--- Yet Pagnin agrees with us.  H.


--- This expression denotes all the occurrences of life.  Deut. xxviii. 6.  C.


--- We may discover a beautiful progression in this psalm; God protects us from each and from every danger.  Bert.


--- He is not like earthly friends, who have not always the will or the power to do it.  S. Chrys.

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Holy Spirit