Ver. 1. Perish, because she hath stirred up her God to bitterness. It is not a curse or imprecation, but a prophecy of what should come to pass (Ch). to Israel, in Assyria. Many such expressions occur. Ps. lxviii. 25. &c. S. Jer.
--- Sometimes they are the efforts of zeal, conformable to divine justice. Ps. cxl. 6. W.
--- Heb. "Samaria has sinned, or shall perish." C.
--- Bitterness. Sept. "she hath resisted her God." H.
Ver. 3. Words. In captivity, legal victims cannot be offered. C.
--- But a contrite heart is always acceptable. Ps. l.
--- Good. While engaged in sin, (H.) "we can offer thee nothing good."
--- Calves: victims of praise. S. Jer.
--- Heb. parim. Sept. omit m, (H.) and render fruit. They are followed by the Arab. and Syr. as well as by the apostle. Heb. xiii. 15. C.
--- We will offer what victims we please. E. Ps. lxix. 23. and lxv. 13.
Ver. 4. Gods. The Assyrians, instead of protecting, oppress us; while Egypt, famous for horses, sits unconcerned. C.
--- But the source of all our evils are the idols, which we will follow no more.
--- In thee: adheres to the true faith in practice. H.
--- Israel was like an orphan during the captivity. Lam. i. 1. C.
AssyriaAssyria. The successors of Cyrus now ruled over those countries, (C.) which had belonged to the most potent Assyrian and Chaldean monarchs; and therefore the titles are given to them indiscriminately. T.
Ver. 5. Breaches, when Israel shall be converted, as some were to Christ, and many will be at the end of the world. W.
--- Heb. "their return." Sept. "dwellings." They shall be purified.
--- Freely. I have been forced to chastise, My heart dilates. C.
--- Sept. "I will love them manifestly." Syr. "accept their free offerings." H.
Ver. 6. Dew. Israel has been like a plant dried up. C. xiii. 15.
--- Libanus. The cedars were tall and bulky, being well rooted.
Ver. 7. Glory. Sept. "he shall be as fruitful as the olive-tree."
--- Libanus, or incense. C.
--- The term has both meanings. H.
Ver. 8. His. This may refer to the tree, or to God. The captives shall return, and be happy. But in a more sublime sense it refers to the nations which shall embrace the gospel.
--- Libanus, or fragrant. Such wine was esteemed in which certain odoriferous herbs were infused. Cant. vii. 2. C.
--- Libanus was also famous for generous wines. Siconita 11.
Ver. 9. Idol? or God will no more reproach them, as their conversion is sincere.
--- Make. Heb. "be to him like," &c. C.
Ver. 10. Wise. This denotes the obscurity of the prophecy. Theod.
--- No human wit can explain the prophets: yet the just shall understand as much as shall be necessary. S. Jer. S. Aug. de Civ. Dei. xviii. 28. W.
--- Only few will make good use of these admonitions, and share in the promises. C.