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THIS also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass, it is most holy:

Ver. 1.  Trespass.  Trespasses, for which these offerings were to be made, were less offences, than those for which the sin-offerings were appointed.  Ch.

 

--- Delictum, trespass, answers to the Heb. asham, and the Gr. plemmeleia; (H.) being of a more extensive signification that the Hebrew chete, sin, as it comprises even sins against knowledge.  Parkhurst.  See C. iv. 2.

 

--- No particular ceremonies are enjoined, (v. 7,) only a he-goat or a ram was to be offered; if the former, the rump, &c. were to be given (v. 3); if the latter, the fat of the intestines and the reins were to be offered, and the blood poured out at the foot of the altar.

 

--- Victim.  Sept. "ram."

 

--- Holy.  To be eaten by priests, and in the court of the tabernacle, v. 6.  C.

 

--- Sins of commission, peccata, and of omission, delicta, are equally offensive to God.  S. Aug. q. 20.  W.


2 Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim also for a trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall be poured round about the altar. 3 They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that covereth the entrails: 4 The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 5 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the burnt sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass. 6 Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh in a holy place, because it is most holy. 7 As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that for a trespass: the same shall be the law of both these sacrifices: it shall belong to the priest that offereth it. 8 The priest that offereth the victim of holocaust, shall have the skin thereof.

Ver. 8.  Skin.  Of these skins a great profit was made.  Philo de præm. sacerd.


9 And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the oven, and whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the fryingpan, shall be the priest's that offereth it:

Ver. 9.  Priest's; to be divided among his brethren, v. 10.  They officiated a week by turns.  C.

 

--- Each, therefore, claimed the parts allotted by God to the priest on duty.  But it is not certain what part they could retain for their own use.  Some think that the unbaked flour alone was to be distributed equally, v. 10.  Bonfrere.


10 Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the sons of Aaron shall have one as much as another. 11 This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that is offered to the Lord.

Ver. 11.  This.  Here the Roman, Sept., Junius, &c. commence the 7th chapter.


12 If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer loaves without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes tempered and mingled with oil:

Ver. 12.  Oil.  Any of these sorts of bread would suffice.  Jacob and Jethro had formerly offered sacrifices of praise, and the Greeks had some which they termed Soteria.  C.


13 Moreover loaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanks, which is offered for peace offerings:

Ver. 13.  Bread, for the use of the priests.  C. ii. 11.


14 Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for firstfruits, and shall be the priest's that shall pour out the blood of the victim.

Ver. 14.  Of which leavened bread, one, representing all the rest, shall be offered for first-fruits.  Heb. "a heave-offering," not as a sacrifice.  M.

 

--- Others maintain that a loaf, without leaven, was laid upon the altar; and all the rest given to the priest.  C.


15 And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day, neither shall any of it remain until the morning.

Ver. 15.  Morning.  Thus were they admonished to let the poor share of the bounty which God had bestowed upon them.  Theod. and Philo.



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16 If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a sacrifice, it shall in like manner be eaten the same day: and if any of it remain until the morrow, it is lawful to eat it:

Ver. 16.  It.  The victim of thanksgiving was more worthy, as it proceeded from a more disinterested motive.  M.

 

--- Such victims as were perfectly voluntary might be received, though they had some defect  C. xxii. 23.


17 But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall be consumed with fire.

Ver. 17.  Fire.  No part must be reserved so long, as to become offensive and putrid.  C.

18 If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace offerings on the third day, the oblation shall be of no effect, neither shall it profit the offerer: yea rather whatsoever soul shall defile itself with such meat, shall be guilty of transgression.

Ver. 18.  Yea rather.  Heb. "it is an abomination to be thrown away," and the soul, &c.  Thus by neglecting to comply exactly with God's commands, we lose the fruits of our former piety.  H.

 

--- The flesh of these victims might be eaten in any clean place, by all those who were not defiled.  C. x. 14.  Joseph.  T.


19 The flesh that hath touched any unclean thing, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire: he that is clean shall eat of it.

Ver. 19.  Shall eat of it.  That is, of the flesh of the thanks-offering.  Ch.

 

--- People might eat the flesh of animals which had been touched by something unclean.  Deut. xii. 15. 22.  But victims, defiled by any accident, were to be burnt.  The others were to be eaten only by such as were clean.  M.


20 If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the Lord, he shall be cut off from his people.

Ver. 20.  People excommunicated, or even slain, either by God, or by the judge.  C.


21 And he that hath touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or of any thing that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh, shall be cut off from his people.

Ver. 21.  Uncleanness of man, means a person defiled, or his excrements.  A Lapide.


22 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23 Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep, and of an ox, and of a goat you shall not eat.

Ver. 23.  Eat, when they have been once immolated.  See C. iii. 17.


24 The fat of a carcass that hath died of itself, and of a beast that was caught by another beast, you shall have for divers uses.

Ver. 24.  Uses.  Heb. "for any other use: but you shall not eat it."   Origen (hom. 5,) seems to reject this fat entirely.


25 If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his people. 26 Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature whatsoever, whether of birds or beasts.

Ver. 26.  Beasts.  Hence the Rabbins except the blood of fishes, as it is not specified.  C.



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27 Every one that eateth blood, shall perish from among the people. 28 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 29 Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that offereth a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him offer therewith a sacrifice also, that is, the libations thereof.

Ver. 29.  Sacrifice...Libations, flour, wine, and oil.  Lyran.


30 He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and the breast: and when he hath offered and consecrated both to the Lord, he shall deliver them to the priest,

Ver. 30.  Hands, upon a silver dish.  The priest shall direct his hands to form a triple cross.  Cajet.  T.


31 Who shall burn the fat upon the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.

Ver. 31.  The breast, and other parts mentioned, Deut. xviii. 3.


32 The right shoulder also of the victims of peace offerings shall fall to the priest for firstfruits. 33 He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood, and the fat, he shall have the right shoulder also for his portion. 34 For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that is separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from off their victims of peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest, and to his sons, by a law for ever, from all the people of Israel.

Ver. 34.  Separated from the breast for the Lord, and waved before Him, as the Heb. intimates.


35 This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the ceremonies of the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them, that they might do the office of priesthood,

Ver. 35.  Anointing.  Le Clerc translates the food.  On this Aaron shall be maintained.  This shall be his salary or portion, in quality of God's anointed.


36 And the things that the Lord commanded to be given them by the children of Israel, by a perpetual observance in their generations.

Ver. 36.  Israel.  Heb. adds, "in the day of his anointing," or consecration.  C.


37 This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice for sin, and for trespass, and for consecration, and the victims of peace offerings:

Ver. 37.  Law.  Six sorts of sacrifices are here specified, holocausts, flour-offerings, sin and trespass-offerings, those for the consecration of priests, and the peace-offerings.


38 Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai, when he commanded the children of Israel, that they should offer their oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.

Ver. 38.  In, or at the foot of Mount Sinai.  H.




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