Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1 Sam 2 Sam 1 Ki 2 Ki 1 Chron 2 Chron Ezra Neh Tob Jdt Esth Job Ps Prov Eccles Song Wis Sir Isa Jer Lam Bar Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jon Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal 1 Mac 2 Mac
ALEPH. I am the man that see my poverty by the rod of his indignation.

Ver. 1.  Man.  Jeremias had a share in the common misery, (W.) and bewails his own condition, as a figure of Christ.  Ps. lxxxvii. 16.  Is. liii. 3.  C.

 

--- His disciples must expect to suffer.  H.


2 Aleph. He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, and not into light.

Ver. 2.  Led, or driven me with the rod.  H.

 

--- God employs two.  Zac. xi. 7.  That of rigour was reserved for this prophet; (C. xxxviii.) none of them suffered more.


3 Aleph. Only against me he hath turned, and turned again his hand all the day. 4 Beth. My skin and my flesh he hath made old, he hath broken my bones.

Ver. 4.  Old and wrinkled, the effect of misery.


5 Beth. He hath built round about me, and he hath compassed me with gall and labour.

Ver. 5.  Gall.  Sept. "head."  Chal. "he hath seized the chief."  Job xvi. 13.  He speaks in the name of the besieged, who had been threatened with this punishment.  v. 19.  C. viii. 14.  C.

 

--- And labour.  Nabuzardan ransacked the city worse than his master, (W.) if the latter was at all present.  H.


6 Beth. He hath set me in dark places as those that are dead for ever.

Ver. 6.  Ever indeed.  Eccle. xii. 5. and Ps. xlviii. 12.  Jeremias (xxxviii. 6.) was in imminent danger.


7 Ghimel. He hath built against me round about, that I may not get out: he hath made my fetters heavy. 8 Ghimel. Yea, and when I cry, and entreat, he hath shut out my prayer.

Ver. 8.  Prayer.  God would not allow him to pray for the people.  C. vii. 16.


9 Ghimel. He hath shut up my ways with square stones, he hath turned my paths upside down.

Ver. 9.  Stones.   There is no passage.  Job xix. 8.


10 Daleth. He is become to me as a bear lying in wait: as a lion in secret places.

Ver. 10.  Places.  This may refer to the prophet or to the people.


11 Daleth. He hath turned aside my paths, and hath broken me in pieces, he hath made me desolate. 12 Daleth. He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for his arrows.

Ver. 12.  Arrows.  Such places were common where shooting was practised.  1 Kin. xx. 36.  Job xvi. 11.


13 He. He hath shot into my reins the daughters of his quiver. 14 He. I am made a derision to all my people, their song all the day long.

Ver. 14.  Song.  True prophets were derided on account of impostors, and because of their declarations were unpleasant, &c.  C. xvii. 15.  Ezec. xii. 22.


15 He. He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath inebriated me with wormwood.

Ver. 15.  Wormwood, or a bitter poisonous herb.  C. ix. 26.  Deut. xxix. 18.


16 Vau. And he hath broken my teeth one by one, he hath fed me with ashes.

Ver. 16.  One.  Heb. "against a stone."  My bread is full of them.  Ps. ci. 10.  C.

 

--- He describes his afflictions, as if his teeth had been broken.  W.


17 Vau. And my soul is removed far off from peace, I have forgotten good things. 18 Vau. And I said: My end and my hope is perished from the Lord.

Ver. 18.  End.  Heb. "strength."  Sept. "victory."  C.


19 Zain. Remember my poverty, and transgression, the wormwood, and the gall. 20 Zain. I will be mindful and remember, and my soul shall languish within me. 21 Zain. These things I shall think over in my heart, therefore will I hope.

Ver. 21.  Hope.  The remembrance fills him with grief and hope.  C. xx. 12.  H.


22 Heth. The mercies of the Lord that we are not consumed: because his commiserations have not failed. 23 Heth. They are new every morning, great is thy faithfulness.

Ver. 23.  New.  Novi should be novæ, to agree with miserationes.  C.

 

--- Chal. "new miracles" occur daily.  H.

 

--- God's mercies are ever fresh.  W.


24 Heth. The Lord is my portion, said my soul: therefore will I wait for him.
25 Teth. The Lord is good to them that hope in him, to the soul that seeketh him. 26 Teth. It is good to wait with silence for the salvation of God. 27 Teth. It is good for a man, when he hath borne the yoke from his youth.

Ver. 27.  Yoke.  Afflictions endured for justice sake ensure a blessing.  H.

 

--- All may derive great benefit from suffering.


28 Jod. He shall sit solitary, and hold his peace: because he hath taken it up upon himself.

Ver. 28.  Himself, with perfect resignation.


29 Jod. He shall put his mouth in the dust, if so be there may be hope.

Ver. 29.  Hope.  He does not doubt, but confides with great humility.


30 Jod. He shall give his cheek to him that striketh him, he shall be filled with reproaches.

Ver. 30.  Him.  We cannot verify this of the prophet as we can of Christ, (Mat. xxvi. 62.  C.) to whom this particularly refers.  W.


31 Caph. For the Lord will not cast off for ever. 32 Caph. For if he hath cast off, he will also have mercy, according to the multitude of his mercies. 33 Caph. For he hath not willingly afflicted, nor cast off the children of men.

Ver. 33.  Men.  He punishes with regret.  Ezec. xviii. 23.  Our crimes force him to chastise.  v. 36.  C.

 

--- Yet he seeks our advantage.  W.


34 Lamed. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the land, 35 Lamed. To turn aside the judgment of a man before the face of the most High, 36 Lamed. To destroy a man wrongfully in his judgment, the Lord hath not approved.
37 Mem. Who is he that hath commanded a thing to be done, when the Lord commandeth it not?

Ver. 37.  Commanded.  Heb. "said: It cometh to pass," as if by chance.  There have always been Epicureans.  Ezec. viii. 12.  Ps. xciii. 7.  C.

 

--- Those who deny Providence speak.  v. 30.  W.



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38 Mem. Shall not both evil and good proceed out of the mouth of the Highest? 39 Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?

Ver. 39.  Sins?  If all happened by inevitable necessity, or according to the laws of Providence, why should any one complain?


40 Nun. Let us search our ways, and seek, and return to the Lord. 41 Nun. Let us lift up our hearts with our hands to the Lord in the heavens.

Ver. 41.  Up.  This posture "is the testimony of a soul naturally Christian."  Tert. Apol.

 

--- Our heart must accompany our hands.  1 Tim. ii. 8.  C.


42 Nun. We have done wickedly, and provoked thee to wrath: therefore thou art inexorable.

Ver. 42.  Inexorable.  Heb. and Sept. "Thou hast not shewn pity."  H.


43 Samech. Thou hast covered in thy wrath, and hast struck us: thou hast killed and hast not spared.

Ver. 43.  Covered thyself, as if not to see our distress.


44 Samech. Thou hast set a cloud before thee, that our prayer may not pass through.

Ver. 44.  Cloud.  Is. lix. 2.  Eccli. xxxv. 21.  These expressions are admirable.


45 Samech. Thou hast made me as an outcast, and refuse in the midst of the people. 46 Phe. All our enemies have opened their mouths against us. 47 Phe. Prophecy is become to us a fear, and a snare, and destruction.

Ver. 47.  Prophecy.  Many would read, vastatio.  Heb. "ruin."  Sept. "taking away."  C.

 

--- Prot. "Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction."  The prophets were continually in danger.  H.

 

--- The preaching of false prophets has brought these evils upon the people.  W.


48 Phe. My eye hath run down with streams of water, for the destruction of the daughter of my people.
49 Ain. My eye is afflicted, and hath not been quiet, because there was no rest:

Ain

Ain (Josh 19:7; Juda), also called En,-Rimmon: Kh. Umm er-Rummânîm, N. of Bersabee, on the road to Beit-Jibrîn.

50 Ain. Till the Lord regarded and looked down from the heavens.

Ain

Ain (Josh 19:7; Juda), also called En,-Rimmon: Kh. Umm er-Rummânîm, N. of Bersabee, on the road to Beit-Jibrîn.

51 Ain. My eye hath wasted my soul because of all the daughters of my city.

Ver. 51.  Wasted.  Lit. "robbed."  H.

 

--- I have felt more for my people than they have themselves.  Moral writers often product this text, to shew the dangers of an unguarded glance (C.) at women.



Ain

Ain (Josh 19:7; Juda), also called En,-Rimmon: Kh. Umm er-Rummânîm, N. of Bersabee, on the road to Beit-Jibrîn.

52 Sade. My enemies have chased me and caught me like a bird, without cause. 53 Sade. My life is fallen into the pit, and they have laid a stone over me.

Ver. 53.  Over me, as if I were buried.  H.

 

--- Jeremias was in prison (C. xxxviii. 6.) when he prayed.  v. 54.  C. xx. 7.  C.


54 Sade. Waters have flowed over my head: I said: I am cut off. 55 Coph. I have called upon thy name, O Lord, from the lowest pit. 56 Coph. Thou hast heard my voice: turn not away thy ear from my sighs, and cries. 57 Coph. Thou drewest near in the day, when I called upon thee, thou saidst: Fear not. 58 Res. Thou hast judged, O Lord, the cause of my soul, thou the Redeemer of my life. 59 Res. Thou hast seen, O Lord, their iniquity against me: judge thou my judgment.

Ver. 59.  Judge what they have judged unjustly.  W.


60 Res. Thou hast seen all their fury, and all their thoughts against me.
61 Sin. Thou hast heard their reproach, O Lord, all their imaginations against me. 62 Sin. The lips of them that rise up against me: and their devices against me all the day.

Ver. 62.  Lips; or language (Gen. xi. 1.) thou knowest.  v. 60.


63 Sin. Behold their sitting down, and their rising up, I am their song.

Ver. 63.  Up, all their conduct.

 

--- Song.  v. 14.


64 Thau. Thou shalt render them a recompense, O Lord, according to the works of their hands. 65 Thau. Thou shalt give them a buckler of heart, thy labour.

Ver. 65.  Buckler, to cover all the body.  They shall be surrounded with misery, (Ps. cviii. 29.) while God will protect his servants.  Ps. v. 13.  C.

 

--- Let sorrow pierce their heart, as thy enemies are treated.  W.


66 Thau. Thou shalt persecute them in anger, and shalt destroy them from under the heavens, O Lord.
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