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AND the second lot came forth for the children of Simeon by their kindreds: and their inheritance was

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2 In the midst of the possession of the children of Juda: Bersabee and Sabee and Molada,

Ver. 2.  Juda.  Thus was verified the prediction of Jacob, that Simeon and Levi, who had been too much united for the destruction of Sichem, should be scattered among their brethren.  Gen. xxxiv. and xlix. 6.  The tribe of Simeon was not very numerous.  Num. xxvi. 14.  Yet all his cities are not here enumerated, but only such as served to point out the limits.  The Jews suppose that this tribe occupied the cities of Juda only as long as the latter pleased, and that it was driven out of them in the days of David, (1 Par. iv. 31.  Rabbins ap. Mas.) or at least under the reign of Ezechias, when it was forced to seek fresh settlements in Gador and Seir, ib. v. 39.  It was, however, led into captivity by Salmanasar along with the other nine tribes, in the sixth year of Ezechias, 4 K. xvii. 6.  The lot of Simeon was not in the centre of Juda, but only within his limits, (C.) either on the south, (Cellarius) or on the west side, (C.) or on both.  H.

 

--- And Sabee.  This is the same town with the preceding, otherwise there would be 14 instead of 13, v. 6.  M.

 

--- If this be not the case, we may give the same solution as C. xv. 62.




3 And Hasersual, Bala and Asem,

Bala

Bala, 1 (Gen 14:2). See Segor. — 2. See Baala 2.

4 And Eltholad, Bethul and Harma,

Ver. 4.  Bethul.  We shall see elsewhere whether this be the Bethulia of Judith.  Some place a town of this name in Galilee, near Tiberias, (Brocard) of which, however, there is no proof.  Cellar. iii. 31.




5 And Siceleg and Bethmarchaboth and Hasersusa,

Bethmarchaboth

Bethmarchaboth (Josh 19:5; S. Simeon; Josh 15:31, has Medemena). If we should distinguish, Bethmarchaboth might poss. be El-Merqeb, S.W. of the S. end of the Dead Sea.

6 And Bethlebaoth and Sarohen: thirteen cities, and their villages.

Bethlebaoth

Beth Lebã'ôth (Josh 15:32), perhaps the same as Bethberai.

7 Ain and Remmon and Athor and Asan: four cities, and their villages.

Asan

Asan (Josh 15:42, etc.; Juda): poss. 'Aseileh between Bersabee and Hebron. --- Asan, perhaps Jethnan, or Ain. Jos. xv. 23. and xxi. 15. Syriac adds Ethra. C.

Ain

Ain (Josh 19:7; Juda), also called En,-Rimmon: Kh. Umm er-Rummânîm, N. of Bersabee, on the road to Beit-Jibrîn.

8 And all the villages round about these cities to Baalath Beer Ramath to the south quarter. This is the inheritance of the children of Simeon according to their kindreds,

Baalath

Baalath (Josh 19:44; N. Dan), also Balaath (2Chron 8:6), prob. Bel'ain, N.W. of Beit Ur. --- Baalath. There were several towns of this name. Jos. xix. 44. C.

Beer

Beer (Num 21:16; D.V.: "the well"), prob. in the Wâdy Themed, S.S.E. of Madâba.

9 In the possession and lot of the children of Juda: because it was too great, and therefore the children of Simeon had their possession in the midst of their inheritance.

Ver. 9.  Great.  The land measurers, it seems, had been under a mistake, (M.) which was corrected by the ancients.  Distributive justice was to be observed.




10 And the third lot fell to the children of Zabulon by their kindreds: and the border of their possession was unto Sarid.


11 And it went up from the sea and from Merala, and came to Debbaseth: as far as the torrent, which is over against Jeconam.

Ver. 11.  From the sea.  Heb. "towards the sea."  Bonfrere asserts that Zabulon did not extend quite to the shore of the Mediterranean.  C. xvii. 10.  C.

 

--- Torrent, near Sidon, which some call the river Belus or Papis.  Plin. v. 19.




12 And it returneth from Sarid eastward to the borders of Ceseleththabor: and it goeth out to Dabereth, and ascendeth towards Japhie.

Dabereth

Dabereth (Josh 19:21, etc.; Zabulon), Deburîyeh, W., and at the foot of Mt.Thabor.

Ceseleththabor

Ceseleth-thabor (Josh 19:12): 'Iksâl, W. of Mt.Thabor.

13 And it passeth along from thence to the east side of Gethhepher and Thacasin: and goeth out to Remmon, Amthar and Noa.

Ver. 13.  Geth-hepher, the birth-place of Jonas, 4 K. xiv. 25.  See C. xii. 17.




14 And it turneth about to the north of Hanathon: and the outgoings thereof are the valley of Jephtahel,


15 And Cateth and Naalol and Semeron and Jedala and Bethlehem: twelve cities and their villages.

Ver. 15.  Bethlehem, very different from that of Juda.

 

--- Twelve.  Nineteen are mentioned, but some of them belong to other tribes, (C.) or were not properly cities.  M.

 

--- All the towns of Zabulon are not specified.  C.



Cateth

Cateth (Josh 19:15; Zabulon), also Cathed, probably to be identified with Cartha.

Bethlehem

Bethlehem of Juda, where Booz also was born. C. --- That place was, moreover, to be honoured with the birth of the Messias. S. Aug. q. 165. --- Ephrata: another name of Bethlehem. Ch.

16 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Zabulon by their kindreds, the cities and their villages. 17 The fourth lot came out to Issachar by their kindreds.

Ver. 17.  Issachar.  The reason why he has been placed after his younger brother, Zabulon, both here and in the blessing of Jacob, is not known.


18 And his inheritance was Jezrael and Casaloth and Sunem,

Ver. 18.  Jezrael.  This was a city of the first note, (M.) situated in the vale between Mount Hermon and Gelboe, having Bethsan on the east.

 

--- Sunem, where Eliseus raised the child to life, five miles south of Thabor.  S. Jerom.

 

--- Here the Philistines were encamped the day before the battle, in which Saul was slain and Israel dispersed, 1 K. xxviii. 4.  C.



Casaloth

Casaloth (Josh 19:8; Issachar), most probably the same as Ceseleth-Thabor.

19 And Hapharaim and Seen and Anaharath,

Anaharath

Anaharath (Josh 19:19; Issachar); Egyptian: Anuhertu: En-Na'ûra, N.E. of Zerâ'în.

20 And Rabboth and Cesion, Abes,

Ver. 20.  Rabbath.  These four cities formed the western boundary, though Serarius observes, this tribe extended as far as the Mediterranean, being in possession of Carmel, which lay close to the shore.  M.



Abes

Abes (Josh 19:20; Issachar): prob. Kh. eb-Beidâ, in the plain of Esdrelon, between Nazareth and Mt. Carmel.

Cesion

Cesion (Josh 19:20; 21:28), See Cedes.

21 And Rameth and Engannim and Enhadda and Bethpheses.

Ver. 21.  Engannim, called Enam, 1 Par. vi. 73.

 

--- Enhadda.  There was another town of this name, 10 miles from Eleutheropolis.  C.

 

--- This and the four following towns lay on the north of Issachar.  M.

 

--- Bethsames, "the house of the sun."  Juda and Nephthali had also a Bethsames.



Bethpheses

Bethpheses (Josh 19:21; Issachar), in the neighbourhood of Jenîn.

22 And the border thereof cometh to Thabor and Sehesima and Bethsames: and the outgoings thereof shall be at the Jordan: sixteen cities, and their villages.

Bethsames

Bethsames, 1 (Josh 15:10, etc.; Dan); also Bethsemes (1Chron 6:59): 'Ain-Shems, 15 m. W. of Jerusalem. — 2 (Josh 19:22; Issachar), possibly 'Ain esh-Shemsiyeh, S. of Beisân; or Kh. Shemsin, S. of the Lake of Tiberias. — 3 (Josh 19:38; Nephtali), perhaps Kh. Shem'â (?), W. of Sãfed. --- Bethsames was in the tribe of Dan, (C.) but belonging to the king of Juda. --- Bethsames, "the house of the sun". Here the sight of the ark proved so fatal to 50,070 of the inhabitants, 1 K. vi. 19. C.

23 This is the possession of the sons of Issachar by their kindreds, the cities and their villages. 24 And the fifth lot fell to the tribe of the children of Aser by their kindreds:
25 And their border was Halcath and Chali and Beten and Achsaph,

Chali

Chali (Josh 19:25; Aser): prob. Kh. 'Alya, N.E. of Acre.

Achsaph

Achsaph (Josh 11:1, etc.; Aser): prob. Kefr Yâsîf, N.E. of Acre.

Beten

Beten (Josh 19:25; Aser): El-Bãneh, E. of Acre.

26 And Elmelech and Amaad and Messal: and it reacheth to Carmel by the sea and Sihor and Labanath,

Ver. 26.  Carmel, so famous for the miracles of Elias, 3 K. xviii. 20.  Josephus (Bel. ii. 17,) places it 120 stadia south of Ptolemais.  This range of mountains extended northward through the tribes of Issachar and of Zabulon.  Pliny (v. 17,) speaks of a promontory and of a town of this name.  Here also the god Carmel was adored, having an altar, but no temple or image, as the ancients had decreed.  Nec simulacrum Deo aut templum, (sic tradidere majores) ara tantum et reverentia.  Tacit. Hist. ii. 78.

 

--- Vespasian consulted the priest Basilides.  Carmel means "the vineyard of the Lord," or the excellent vineyard, &c.  It was so rich and beautiful as to become proverbial.  The spouse compares the head of his beloved to Carmel.  C. vii. 5.  Isaias (xxxii. 15,) foretels that the deserts shall be equal to Carmel.  It was covered with wood and fruit.  S. Jerom in Isai. x. 18.  Jer. iv. 26.  The city, which was built upon this mountain, and which Pliny calls by the same name, was formerly styled Ecbatana.  The oracle had denounced to Cambyses that he should die at Ecbatana, and he concluded that the city of Media was meant; but it was "that of Syria," says Herodotus, (iii. 64,) where he died.

 

--- Labanath.  Heb. leaves out the conjunction.

 

--- Sihor means a "troubled" river, (C. xiii. 3,) or brook, which probably ran near the white promontory mentioned by Pliny, (v. 19,) near Tyre.  Labanath signifies "white."



Amaad

Amaad (Josh 19:26; Aser): Kh. el-'Amud, N. of Acre, or Umm el-'Amed, W. of Bethlehem of Zabulon.

Carmel

Carmel. Not where Elias dwelt, but a city and mountain 10 miles east of Eleutheropolis. Nabal rendered it famous by his imprudence, (1 K. xxv.) and Saul by a triumphal arch, 1 K. xv. 12. --- Carmel, so famous for the miracles of Elias, 3 K. xviii. 20. Josephus (Bel. ii. 17,) places it 120 stadia south of Ptolemais. This range of mountains extended northward through the tribes of Issachar and of Zabulon. Pliny (v. 17,) speaks of a promontory and of a town of this name. Here also the god Carmel was adored, having an altar, but no temple or image, as the ancients had decreed. Nec simulacrum Deo aut templum, (sic tradidere majores) ara tantum et reverentia. Tacit. Hist. ii. 78. --- Vespasian consulted the priest Basilides. Carmel means "the vineyard of the Lord," or the excellent vineyard, &c. It was so rich and beautiful as to become proverbial. The spouse compares the head of his beloved to Carmel. C. vii. 5. Isaias (xxxii. 15,) foretels that the deserts shall be equal to Carmel. It was covered with wood and fruit. S. Jerom in Isai. x. 18. Jer. iv. 26. The city, which was built upon this mountain, and which Pliny calls by the same name, was formerly styled Ecbatana. The oracle had denounced to Cambyses that he should die at Ecbatana, and he concluded that the city of Media was meant; but it was "that of Syria," says Herodotus, (iii. 64,) where he died.

27 And it returneth towards the east to Bethdagon: and passeth along to Zabulon and to the valley of Jephthael towards the north to Bethemec and Nehiel. And it goeth out to the left side of Cabul,

Ver. 27.  Bethdagon.  "The temple of Dagon, or of the fish," different from the town of Juda.  C. xv. 41.

 

--- Zabulon, a city which took its name from the tribe, and separated Ptolemais from Judea.  Joseph. Bel. ii. 37.

 

--- Left; that is, the north side of Cabul, which means either the canton where the 20 cities of Hiram were situated, or a village which Josephus (Vita) calls Chabolo, which lies near the sea, and Ptolemais.



Cabul

Cabul (Josh 19:27; Aser): Kabûl, S.E. of Acre. --- Either the canton where the 20 cities of Hiram were situated, or a village which Josephus (Vita) calls Chabolo, which lies near the sea, and Ptolemais.

Bethemec

Bethemec (Josh 19:27; Aser), prob. 'Amqâ, N.E. of Acre.

Bethdagon

Bethdagon. "The temple of Dagon, or of the fish," different from the town of Juda. C. xv. 41.

28 And to Abaran and Rohob and Hamon and Cana, as far as the great Sidon.

Ver. 28.  Rohob, on the northern extremity of the land.  Num. xiii. 22.  It was assigned to the Levites.  But the tribe of Aser never drove out the Chanaanites.  Judg. i. 31.

 

--- Cana, where Christ wrought his first miracle, about 23 miles west of Tiberias, as we may gather from Josephus.  (Vita)  Cellarius.

 

--- Some would admit another Cana nearer Sidon.



Cana

Cana, where Christ wrought his first miracle, about 23 miles west of Tiberias, as we may gather from Josephus. (Vita) Cellarius.

29 And it returneth to Horma to the strong city of Tyre, and to Hosa: and the outgoings thereof shall be at the sea from the portion of Achziba:

Ver. 29.  Horma.  Heb. Sept. &c. Rama, "a height."

 

--- Of Tyre.  When this city was founded, is wrapped up in obscurity.  The Tyrian priests claim a very high antiquity; whereas Josephus (Ant. viii. 2,) allows that the city was founded only 200 years after Josue, on which supposition  this name must have been added by a subsequent writer.  The matter, however, is so uncertain, that nothing can be concluded.  It was a colony of Sidon.  Isai. xxiii. 12.  Old Tyre was on the continent; the new city was built in an island, where the temple of Jupiter Olympius formerly stood.  Alexander made a road between the two cities, when he besieged New Tyre: which, on that account, may be considered either as an island, or as part of the continent.  He used for this purpose the ruins of the old city, which he threw into the sea.  Hiram had formed a similar road to the temple of Jupiter.  Dius. ap. Joseph. c. p. 1.  Whether Nebuchodonosor besieged the Old or the New Tyre, soon after he had taken Jerusalem, authors are not agreed.  S. Jerom (in Ezec. xxviii.  Amos i. &c.) seems to think that he attacked the new city; whereas Marsham believes that it was built only after the other had fallen a prey to the arms of the Chaldees.  It was only five or 700 paces from the continent.  Tyrus quondam insula præalto mari septingentis passibus divisa, nunc vero Alexandri oppugnantis operibu continens.  Plin. v. 19.

 

--- Portion.  Heb. "from the coast of Achzib," which is the same town as Ecdippe, south of Tyre, and nine miles from Ptolemais.  C.



Achziba

The same town as Ecdippe, south of Tyre, and nine miles from Ptolemais. C.

30 And Amma and Aphec and Rohob: twenty-two cities, and their villages.

Ver. 30.  Amma; perhaps on mount Amana, a part of Libanus.  Cant. iv. 8.  For though the Israelites had possession of these parts only a short time, they had a right to them, and to the countries as far as the Euphrates and Pelusium.  Sept. read, "Akom or Archob," (C.) in some copies, though the Alexandrian agrees with the Vul.  H.

 

--- Perhaps Acco, the ancient name of Ptolemais, may be meant, as it is hardly probable that so famous a city should be omitted.

 

--- Aphec, beyond Antilibanus, from which city the Israelites could not drive the Chanaanites.  Judg. i. 31.  Here the kings of Syria assembled their forces to attack the people of God, 1 K. xx. 26.  Profane authors speak of the temple of Venus Aphachitis, who appeared in the eyes of the superstitious to shed tears.  The city lay between Biblus and Heliopolis.  Zozimus, i. 58.  Euseb. (laud. Const.)  Macrobius i. 21.

 

--- Twenty-two.  More are mentioned above, but some might belong to other tribes.



Aphec

Aphec 1- (Josh 12:18; N.W. Juda): poss. Merj-Fikieh (Conder). 2- (Josh 19:30, etc.; Aser). 3- (1Sam 4:1; Benjamin): perhaps Qastûl. 4- (1 Sam 29:1; Issachar): El-'Afûleh, N.W. of Zerâ 'în. 5- (1Ki 20:26, etc.) Assyr.: Apqu: prob. Fîq, E. of the Lake of Tiberias. --- Aphec. A place of this name was in the tribe of Aser, another in that of Juda. --- Aphec, beyond Antilibanus, from which city the Israelites could not drive the Chanaanites. Judg. i. 31. Here the kings of Syria assembled their forces to attack the people of God, 1 K. xx. 26. Profane authors speak of the temple of Venus Aphachitis, who appeared in the eyes of the superstitious to shed tears. The city lay between Biblus and Heliopolis. Zozimus, i. 58. Euseb. (laud. Const.) Macrobius i. 21. --- Aphec, belonging to the tribe of Aser, though it does not appear that they ever obtained possession of it. Jos. xix. 30. A subterraneous fire and earthquake have caused the city to sink; and a lake, nine miles in circumference, now occupies its place. The ruins may still be discerned in its waters. It is about two hours walk from the plains of Balbec, (Paul Lucas. Levant i. 20.) at the foot of Libanus. The waters must be very thick and bituminous, if what is related by the ancients be true; namely, that the presents, offered to the Aphacite goddess, were tried by them, and deemed agreeable to her, if they sunk; as wool would do, while tiles, and often metals, would swim. C. --- Adrichomius places this Aphec on the great plain of Esdrelon, not far from Jezrahel. M

31 This is the possession of the children of Aser by their kindreds, and the cities and their villages. 32 The sixth lot came out to the sons of Nephtali by their families: 33 And the border began from Heleph and Elon to Saananim, and Adami, which is Neceb, and Jebnael even to Lecum: and their outgoings unto the Jordan:

Ver. 33.  Heleph seems to have been on the north-eastern limits of Nephthali.  The cities on the Jordan southwards, as far as Genesareth, are specified.  H.



Adami

Adami (Josh 19:33): also Adam: Damîeh, S.W. of the Lake of Tiberias. The Jordan may be forded there.

34 And the border returneth westward to Azanotthabor, and goeth out from thence to Hucuca, and passeth along to Zabulon southward, and to Aser westward, and to Juda upon the Jordan towards the rising of the sun.

Ver. 34.  Juda was in possession of the southern parts of the Jordan, as Nephthali had the northern, so that by means of navigation they might enjoy the riches (C.) of each other, and of the other tribes.  H.  Deut. xxxiii. 23.

 

--- Sept. do not read Juda, which forms all the difficulty, as five tribes lay between these two.  They have "and the Jordan is towards the rising sun."  C.

 

--- Grabe inserts, with a star, "to Juda, the Jordan," &c. intimating that to Juda, was not a part of the Sept. version.



Azanotthabor

Azanotthabor (Josh 19:34; Neplitali), in the neighbourhood of Mt.Thabor.

35 And the strong cities are Assedim, Ser, and Emath, and Reccath and Cenereth,

Ver. 35.  Ser.  The Sept. seem to have read rather differently.  "And the fortified, or walled cities of the Tyrians, Tyre and Emath, (and) Bekkath," &c.  H.

 

--- Assedim may be the name of a people.  The situation of Ser is also unknown.

 

--- Emath is the famous Emesa.  Num. xiii. 22.  C.

 

--- Tyre, &c. belong to Aser, and not to Nephthali, as the Sept. might insinuate.  But Emesa would be within the borders of the latter.  H.

 

--- Cenereth, the lake of that name, as S. Jerom says that the city of Cenereth was Tiberias, on the southern extremity of the lake whereas Nephthali possessed only the northern part.  C.

 

--- Bonfrere supposes that Caphernaum, or some adjacent city, is meant; and indeed the first words of the verse indicate that a list is given of the strong cities, unless that should be restricted to those of the Assedim, which are not specified.  H.



Cenereth

Cenereth, Ceneroth. also Genesareth. --- Cenereth. This is the sea of Galilee, illustrated by the miracles of our Lord. Ch. --- Cenereth, the lake of that name, as S. Jerom says that the city of Cenereth was Tiberias, on the southern extremity of the lake whereas Nephthali possessed only the northern part. C.

Assedim

Assedim (Josh 19:35; Nephtali). Some: Hattin el-Kedim; others: Es-Sattîyeh; perhaps not a proper name. --- Assedim may be the name of a people.

36 And Edema and Arama, Asor,

Ver. 36.  Arama.  Heb. "Rama."

 

--- Asor, the capital of Jabin.  C. xi. 1.



Asor

Asor 1- (Josh 11:1, etc.; Nephtali), also Hasor, Heser. Egyptian: Huzar: the site seems to have been in the neighbourhood of L. Hûleh, but its exact location is the object of great discussions. 2- (Josh 15:23; S. Juda). perhaps connected with Jebel Hâdhîreh, N.E. of Cades. 3- (Josh 15:25; S. Juda). 4- (Neh 11:33, Benjamin), poss. Kh. Hazzûr, N. of Jerusalem. --- Asor, the capital of Jabin. C. xi. 1. --- Asor, near lake Semechon. Jos. xi. 1. Gr. "Nasor," erroneously. C.

37 And Cedes and Edri, Enhasor,

Ver. 37.  Enhasor, "the fountain of Asor," or Daphne, a delightful spot resembling the famous suburbs of Antioch.  Josep. Bel. iv. init.




38 And Jeron and Magdalel, Herem, and Bethanath and Bethsames: nineteen cities, and their villages.

Ver. 38.  Bethanath, "the house of poverty," is Betanea, 15 miles from Cæsarea.  Eus.

 

--- Nineteen.  Twenty-three places are mentioned.  But some might only be villages, &c.  C. xv. 62.



Bethanath

Bethanath (Joshua 19:38; Nephtali), prob. 'Ainîta, near Cades of Nephtali. --- Bethanath, "the house of poverty," is Betanea, 15 miles from Cæsarea. Eus.

Bethsames

Bethsames, 1 (Josh 15:10, etc.; Dan); also Bethsemes (1Chron 6:59): 'Ain-Shems, 15 m. W. of Jerusalem. — 2 (Josh 19:22; Issachar), possibly 'Ain esh-Shemsiyeh, S. of Beisân; or Kh. Shemsin, S. of the Lake of Tiberias. — 3 (Josh 19:38; Nephtali), perhaps Kh. Shem'â (?), W. of Sãfed. --- Bethsames was in the tribe of Dan, (C.) but belonging to the king of Juda. --- Bethsames, "the house of the sun". Here the sight of the ark proved so fatal to 50,070 of the inhabitants, 1 K. vi. 19. C.

39 This is the possession of the tribe of the children of Nephtali by their kindreds, the cities and their villages. 40 The seventh lot came out to the tribe of the children of Dan by their families: 41 And the border of their possession was Saraa and Esthaol, and Hirsemes, that is, the city of the sun.

Ver. 41.  Sun.  Some suppose that it is the same with Bethsames of Juda, which was ceded to the Levites.  C.

 

--- Dan lay on the west of Juda.  H.

 

--- Selebin, where the Amorrhites maintained themselves.  Judg. i. 35.




42 Selebin and Aialon and Jethela,

Aialon

Aialon 1- (Josh 10:12 etc.) town and valley: Yâlô, W. N.W. of Jerusalem, E. of Amwâs. 2- (Judg 12:12; Zabulon): Kh. Jalîm, E. of Acre. --- Aialon belonged to Dan. Jos. xix. 42. But it was near Benjamin, (M.) and was probably occupied by people chiefly of that tribe. H.

43 Elon and Themna and Acron,

Ver. 43.  Themna; the Thamna of the tribe of Juda.  C. xv. 10.

 

--- Acron, or Accaron.




44 Elthece, Gebbethon and Balaath,

Ver. 44.  Elthece, or Elthecon of Juda, given to the Levites.  All the three tribes might dwell in it.


Balaath

See Baalath.

45 And Jud and Bane and Barach and Gethremmon:

Ver. 45.  Barach.  Heb. "Bene-barac," or "Jud, of the sons of Barac."



Barach

Barach. See Bane. --- Barach. Heb. "Bene-barac," or "Jud, of the sons of Barac."

46 And Mejarcon and Arecon, with the border that looketh towards Joppe,

Ver. 46.  Mejarcon, "the waters of Jarcon" and Arecon, were near Joppe.  C.



Arecon

Arecon (Josh 19:46; Dan): Tell er-Raqqeit, N. of Jaffa.

47 And is terminated there. And the children of Dan went up and fought against Lesem, and took it: and they put it to the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt in it, calling the name of it Lesem Dan, by the name of Dan their father.

Ver. 47.  There.  Heb. "and the limits of Dan went out from them.  They were not able to keep the cities in subjection; so that, finding themselves too much confined, they sought for fresh settlements at Lessem; or, their borders were known by these cities, through which they passed, (C.) though most of them had been already assigned to the tribe of Juda.  M.

 

--- Dan.  This city was not Peneas, or Cæsarea, but the utmost boundary of Palestine on the north, as Bersabee was on the south.  This history is given more at large.  Judg. xviii. 1.  The Sept. vary from the Heb. in the 46. 7. and 8. verses, (C.) and add that "the children of Dan did not destroy the Amorrhites, who afflicted them in the mountains, and would not suffer them to descend into the plain...But the land of Ephraim lay heavy upon them, and they became tributary to them.  (See C. xvii. 13.)  49.  And they went to take possession of their limits, and the children of Israel," &c.  H.




48 This is the possession of the tribe of the sons of Dan, by their kindreds, the cities and their villages. 49 And when he had made an end of dividing the land by lot to each one by their tribes, the children of Israel gave a possession to Josue the son of Nun in the midst of them, 50 According to the commandment of the Lord, the city which he asked for, Thamnath Saraa, in mount Ephraim: and he built up the city, and dwelt in it.

Ver. 50.  Lord, by the mouth of Eleazar.  Josue was content with one of the most barren parts of the country.  He waits till all are provided for, shewing throughout his life a pattern of moderation and disinterestedness, which render him worthy to be considered as a figure of Jesus Christ, who reduced himself to the lowest state of abjection for our sakes.  C.  See C. xiv. 6.  M.

 

--- Ephraim.  It was before called Gaas; and the city, which Josue enlarged, lay on the north side of it.  C. xxiv. 30.  Judg. ii. 9.




51 These are the possessions which Eleazar the priest, and Josue the son of Nun, and the princes of the families, and of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed by lot in Silo, before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and they divided the land.


Mt Mk Lk Jn Acts Rom 1 Cor 2 Cor Gal Eph Phil Col 1 Thess 2 Thess 1 Tim 2 Tim Tit Philem Heb Jas 1 Pet 2 Pet 1 Jn 2 Jn 3 Jn Jude Rev

 

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