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CALL now if there be any that will answer thee, and turn to some of the saints.

Ver. 1.  Saints.  This is a proof of the invocation of the saints (C.) and angels.  H.

 

--- The Jews often begged God to have mercy on them for the sake of the patriarchs.  2 Par. vi. 42.  C.

 

--- Eliphaz, therefore, exhorts Job, if he have any patron or angel, to bring him forward in his defence.  M.

 

--- Sept. "Invoke now if any one will hear thee, or if thou perceive any of the holy angels," (H.) as I have done.  M.

 

--- He extols himself, to correct the pretended presumption of his friend, (C.) and other defects, which none will dare to deny, as he supposes.  See S. Greg. v. 30.  W.


2 Anger indeed killeth the foolish, and envy slayeth the little one.

Ver. 2.  Foolish and...little, here denote the wicked, as in the book of Proverbs.  C.

 

--- He accuses Job of anger (M.) and folly.  C.


3 I have seen a fool with a strong root, and I cursed his beauty immediately.

Ver. 3.  And I.  Sept. "But presently their subsistence was eaten up."  I envied not their riches: but judged they would soon end.  H.


4 His children shall be far from safety, and shall be destroyed in the gate, and there shall be none to deliver them.

Ver. 4.  Gate, in judgment.  M.


5 Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches. 6 Nothing upon earth is done without a voice cause, and sorrow doth not spring out of the ground.

Ver. 6.  Ground.  If you had not sinned, you would not suffer.  C.


7 Man is born to labour and the bird to fly.

Ver. 7.  Bird.  Heb. "sparks fly up."  H.

 

--- You can no more then expect to pass unpunished, since it is impossible for man to be innocent! (C.) and, at any rate, labour is inevitable.  M.

 

--- We must gain our bread by the sweat of our brow.  W.


8 Wherefore I will pray to the Lord, and address my speech to God:

Ver. 8.  I will, or if I were in your place, I would sue for pardon.  C.

 

--- Prot. "I would seek unto God," (H.) under affliction.  M.


9 Who doth great things and unsearchable and wonderful things without number: 10 Who giveth rain upon the face of the earth, and watereth all things with waters: 11 Who setteth up the humble on high, and comforteth with health those that mourn. 12 Who bringeth to nought the designs of the malignant, so that their hands cannot accomplish what they had begun:
13 Who catcheth the wise in their craftiness, and disappointeth the counsel of the wicked:

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14 They shall meet with darkness in the day, and grope at noonday as in the night. 15 But he shall save the needy from the sword of their mouth, and the poor from the hand of the violent.

Ver. 15.  Mouth; detraction and calumny.  C.


16 And to the needy there shall he hope, but iniquity shall draw in her mouth. 17 Blessed is the man whom God correcteth: refuse not therefore the chastising of the lord:

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18 For he woundeth, and cureth: he striketh, and his hands shall heal. 19 In six troubles he shall deliver thee, and in the seventh, evil shall not touch thee.

Ver. 19.  In six, mentioned below; (M.) or in many, indefinitely.  C.

 

--- Both during the six days of (M.) life, and at death, God's grace delivers us.  S. Greg.  W.


20 In famine he shall deliver thee from death: and in battle, from the hand of the sword. 21 Thou shalt he hidden from the scourge of the tongue: and thou shalt not fear calamity when it cometh.

Ver. 21.  Scourge.  Ecclus. (xxvi. 9. and xxviii. 21.) has the same expression.  See Jam. iii. 6.  C.

 

--- Calamity, from robbers, as the Heb. shod, (H.) intimates.  The word is rendered destruction, vastitate, v. 22.  M.


22 In destruction and famine then shalt laugh: and thou shalt not be afraid of the beasts of the earth. 23 But thou shalt have a covenant with the stones of the lands, and the beasts of the earth shall be at pence with thee.

Ver. 23.  Stones, so as not to stumble; or, the rocks will be a retreat for thee.


24 And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle is in peace, and visiting thy beauty thou shalt not sin.

Ver. 24.  Beauty does not mean his wife, as some grossly imagine, (C.) but a house well ordered.  M.

 

--- Heb. "thy habitation."  Yet Sanchez adopts the former sentiment.  In effect, the habitation includes all the regulation of a wife and family.  H.


25 Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be multiplied, and thy offspring like the grass of the earth. 26 Thou shalt enter into the grave in abundance, as a heap of wheat is brought in its season.

Ver. 26.  Abundance.  "With loud lamentations."  De Dieu.

 

--- "In full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in its season."  Prot.

 

--- After a life spent in happiness, thy memory will not be obliterated.  Many shall bewail thy loss.  H.


27 Behold, this is even so, as we have searched oat: which thou having heard, consider it thoroughly in thy mind.

Ver. 27.  Which thou.  Sept. "And what we have heard: but do thou reflect with thyself what thou hast done."  H.

 

--- What had been revealed to Eliphaz was very true.  Yet his conclusions were unwarrantable.  C.

 

--- How confidently does he speak of his own knowledge, and how great must have been his disappointment, when God condemned him of folly, and sent him to be the prayers of that very man whom he now considered as a wretched sinner!  H.


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