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AT this my heart trembleth, and is moved out of its place.

Ver. 1.  This thunder, the effects of which are so terrible, that it is often styled the voice of God.  C.  Ps. xxviii.  M.


--- The consideration of rewards (C. xxxvi. 33.) stimulates the good, while thunder strikes the heart with terror.  W.

2 Hear ye attentively the terror of his voice, and the sound that cometh out of his mouth. 3 He beholdeth under all the heavens, and his light is upon the ends of the earth.

Ver. 3.  Earth.  Lightning appears from the east to the west.  Mat. xxiv. 27.

4 After it a noise shall roar, he shall thunder with the voice of his majesty, and shall not be found out, when his voice shall be heard.

Ver. 4.  After.  Light travels faster than sound, (H.) though thunder and lightning are produced at the same instant.  C.


--- Found out.  Philosophers can only propose their conjectures on the cause of thunder.  This sense is confirmed by the Greek, Chal. &c.  Heb. may be, "he delays not;" C.


--- Prot. "he will not stay them;" (H.) rain commonly falling soon after thunder.  As the latter is occasioned by the collision of clouds, when they come to a certain distance from the earth, the heat causes them to dissolve into showers, which augments at each crack.  C.


--- Sept. "For he has done great things, which we have not understood."  This is connected with C. xxxvi. 24.  Then we read, (v. 7.) "that man may know his own weakness."  All the intermediate verses have been supplied by Origen from Theodotion, or others.  H.

5 God shall thunder wonderfully with his voice, he that doth great and unsearchable things. 6 He commandeth the snow to go down upon the earth, and the winter rain, and the shower of his strength. 7 He sealeth up the hand of all men, that every one may know his works.

Ver. 7.  He sealed up, &c.  When he sends those showers of his strength; that is, those storms of rain, he seals up; that is, he shuts up the hands of men from their usual work abroad, and confines them within doors, to consider his works; or to forecast their works; that is, what they themselves are to do.  Ch.


--- We are all the servants of God.  He marks us in the hand, as such.  Isai. xliv. 5.  Ezec. ix. 6.  Apoc. xiii. 6.  The Romans marked soldiers with a hot iron in the hands.  Veget. i. 8.


--- The abettors of chiromancy have hence vainly pretended that they can discover each person's future in the lineaments of his hands.  C.

8 Then the beast shall go into his covert, and shall abide in his den.

Ver. 8.  Den.  Foreseeing the tempest and retreating for shelter.

9 Out of the inner parts shall a tempest come, and cold out of the north.

Ver. 9.  Parts.  The south, (C. ix. 9.) whence storms commonly came in that country, (C.) from the sea or desert of Idumea.  H.  Ps. lxxvii. 26.  Zac. ix. 14.  Isai. xxi. 1.


--- North wind or pole.  W.


--- Yet the south seems to be designated; (v. 17. and C. xxxviii. 32.) though cold comes from the north, in Idumea as well as here.  C.


--- Mezarim, is rendered by Prot. "north."  Marg. "scattering winds."  Sept. akrwthriwn, "summits" of  mountains.

10 When God bloweth there cometh frost, and again the waters are poured out abundantly.

Ver. 10.  Abundantly.  He cause it to freeze or rain at pleasure.  H.  Ps. cxlvii. 17.  M.

11 Corn desireth clouds, and the clouds spread their light:

Ver. 11.  Corn requires rain.  H.


--- Light.  As they are transparent, they do not hinder the sun from appearing.  Heb. "the brightness of the sky disperses the clouds, and the clouds shed their light" in the rainbow, (v. 15.  Grot.) or lightning.  Jun.  C.  M.


--- Prot. "Also by watering, he wearieth the thick cloud, he scattereth his bright cloud, (12) and it is turned round about by his counsels, that they may do whatsoever," &c.  God prohibits or gives rain.  H.


--- Nothing is left to chance.  C.


--- He directeth the clouds as a master does his ship.  W.

12 Which go round about, whithersoever the will of him that governeth them shall lead them, to whatsoever he shall command them upon the face of the whole earth:
13 Whether in one tribe, or in his own land, or in what place soever of his mercy he shall command them to be found.

Ver. 13.  Tribe.  Hebrew also, "for correction."  H.  Amos iv. 7.


--- Land of promise.  Ps. lxvii. 10.

14 Hearken to these things, Job: Stand, and consider the wondrous works of God. 15 Dost thou know when God commanded the rains, to shew his light of his clouds?

Ver. 15.  Light: the rain-bow, according to the best interpreters; or the lightning.  C.

16 Knowest thou the great paths of the clouds, and the perfect knowledges?

Ver. 16.  Paths.  Heb. "the balancing of the clouds, the wondrous works of Him whose knowledge is perfect?"  C. xxxvi. 4.  Dost thou know what suspends the heavy clouds in the air?  C.

17 Are not thy garments hot, when the south wind blows upon the earth?

Ver. 17.  Are.  Heb. "How thy," &c.  It is also beyond thy comprehension, why thou shouldst be too hot when the south winds blows (H.) moderately, though tempests generally proceed from the same quarter, v. 9.  If thou art in the dark, respecting these things, which thou feelest, how canst thou pretend to fathom and condemn the counsels of God?  C.


--- Job was far from doing either.  His friends rather undertook to explain God's reasons for punishing thus his servants, which Job acknowledged was to him a mystery, (H.) till God had enlightened him.  C. xxii. 3.  Houbigant.

18 Thou perhaps hast made the heavens with him, which are most strong, as if they were of molten brass.

Ver. 18.  Brass.  Heb. "Hast thou with him stretched out (or beaten, as brass, tarkiang; which word Moses uses for the firmament) the heavens, which are as solid (Chal. and like) a  molten looking-glass?" which was formerly made of metal.  Ex. xxxviii. 8.  The Hebrews looked upon the sky as a sheet of brass; and the poets speak of the brazen heaven.  Pindar. Nem. vi.  Iliad A.

19 Shew us what we may say to him: for we are wrapped up in darkness.

Ver. 19.  Darkness.  Thou who art so learned, give us some information, what we may blame in the works of God.  Cutting irony!  C.

20 Who shall tell him the things I speak? even if a man shall speak, he shall be swallowed up.

Ver. 20.  He shall be swallowed up.  All that man can say, when he speaks of God, is so little and inconsiderable in comparison with the subject, that man is lost, an das it were swallowed up in so immense an ocean.  Ch.


--- The man who should are to mention what I could reprehend in God's works, would soon be overwhelmed with majesty.  C.


--- Alphonsus IX. king of Leon, (A.D. 1252) surnamed "the wise and the astronomer," said "he could have given some good advice respecting the motions of the stars, if he had been consulted by God;" meaning to ridicule some vain systems of philosophers, then in vogue.  Dict. 1774.  H.

21 But now they see not the light: the air on a sudden shall be thickened into clouds, and the wind shall pass and drive them away.

Ver. 21.  Light; being hindered by the clouds, and dazzled when they are removed.  Yet we presume to judge of the secrets of Providence!  C.


--- Away.  As there is a constant vicissitude of these things, so there is of happiness and misery.  M.


--- Sept. "For the light is not seen by all.  It is refulgent in beauties, as that which comes thence upon the clouds."  If, therefore, this light does not pervade all places, why should we wonder that all do not understand the ways of God?  H.

22 Cold cometh out of the north, and to God praise with fear.

Ver. 22.  Gold.  Sept. "from the north, gold-coloured clouds.  Above these, great is the praise and honour of the Almighty."  H.


--- When the wind blows, the clouds are dispersed, and the sky appears serene.  Each country has its peculiar advantages.  In the north, Ophir, &c. may boast of gold: but what ought to be most conspicuous in the praises given to God, is an humble  fear.  Pindar begin his Olympic Odes somewhat in the same style.  C.


--- "Water is excellent, and gold...But if, dear heart, thou wilt sing of games, regard no other brighter than the sun...nor shall we celebrate any game more excellent than that of Olympia."  H.


--- God disposes of all things as he pleases.  He makes the golden day succeed a tempest.  But it is our duty to praise him with awe, whatever he may ordain.  This is the epilogue.  Pineda. --- Man must praise God with fear, as he cannot do it sufficiently.  W.

23 We cannot find him worthily: he is great in strength, and in judgment, and in justice, and he is ineffable.

Ver. 23.  Worthily.  Heb. "the Almighty, we cannot find him out," (H.) or comprehend his nature or mysteries.  C.

24 Therefore men shall fear him, and all that seem to themselves to be wise, shall not dare to behold him.

Ver. 24.  Fear him, and receive with respect whatever he shall appoint.  H.


--- And all.  Heb. "he fears not any that are wise of heart."  He knows that the most intelligent (C.) must confess their ignorance, when they attempt to examine his divine nature.  Simonides being desired by Hiero to express his sentiments on this subject, always requested more time to consider of it.  Quia, inquit, res videtur mihi tanto obscurior, quanto diutius eam considero.  Cicero, Nat. i. 60. Selectæ e Prof. i. 3.


--- "With thee (says S. Aug. Conf. i. 6.) stand the causes of all instable things," &c.  H.


--- Those who are really wise, will therefore adore God's judgments in silence, while the presumptuous will be forced to yield.  This is the excellent conclusion of all that had been said.  Pineda.


--- The sentence is beautiful, but ill-applied (H.) to Job.  Philip.  See Prov. iii. 7.  H.


--- He convinced the other three with sound arguments, "and this last and most arrogant disputant with silence."  W.

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