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AND it came to pass in that year, in the beginning of the reign of Sedecias king of Juda, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, that Hananias the son of Azur, a prophet of Gabaon spoke to me, in the house of the Lord before the priests, and all the people, saying:

Ver. 1.  Juda.  So far Sanctius joins with the former chapter, improperly.  In the 4th year, seems rather an interpolation; though the Sept. omit in the beginning, &c. to reconcile the passage; and others date the 4th year from the last sabbatical one, which is quite unusual.  See C. xxvii. 1.  C.


--- Sedecias reigned 11 years, so that the 4th might be said to be the beginning.  W.


--- Prophet.  Sept. "false prophet," to explain the meaning: the original denotes any prophet.  S. Jer.  H.

2 Thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.

3 As yet two years of days, and I will cause all the vessels of the house of the Lord to be brought back into this place, which Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon.

Ver. 3.  Years.  Some were brought back in the 4th of Sedecias; (C. xxvii. 16.  H.) so that this must be false, whether  he spoke in the 1st or 4th year of his reign.  C.

4 And I will bring back to this place Jechonias the son of Joakim king of Juda, and all the captives of Juda, that are gone to Babylon, saith the Lord: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.

5 And Jeremias the prophet said to Hananias the prophet in the presence of the priests, and in the presence of all the people that stood in the house of the Lord: 6 And Jeremias the prophet said: Amen, the Lord do so: the Lord perform thy words, which thou hast prophesied: that the vessels may be brought again into the house of the Lord, and all the captives may return out of Babylon to this place.

Ver. 6.  Do.  Heb. also, "will do."  He speaks ironically; or shews that he wishes not the misfortune of his countrymen.  C.


--- He approves of the good thing, but warns his people that is is falsely promised.  W.


7 Nevertheless hear this word that I speak in thy ears, and in the ears of all the people: 8 The prophets that have been before me, and before thee from the beginning, and have prophesied concerning many countries, and concerning great kingdoms, of war, and of affliction, and of famine. 9 The prophet that prophesied peace when his word shall come to pass, the prophet shall be known, whom the Lord hath sent in truth.

Ver. 9.  Truth.  This criterion was given by Moses; and another was assigned in case the prophet attempted to introduce idolatry, which was not here the case.  Deut. xiii. and xviii. 20.  C.

10 And Hananias the prophet took the chain from the neck of Jeremias the prophet, and broke it.

Ver. 10.  Chain, or wooden yoke.  C. xxvii. 2.  H.

11 And Hananias spoke in the presence of all the people, saying: Thus saith the Lord: Even so will I break the yoke of Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon after two full years from off the neck of all the nations.

12 And Jeremias the prophet went his way. And the word of the Lord came to Jeremias, after that Hananias the prophet had broken the chain from off the neck of Jeremias the prophet, saying:

Ver. 12.  Way, mildly.  God inspired him what to say soon after.

13 Go, and tell Hananias: Thus saith the Lord: Thou hast broken chains of wood, and thou shalt make for them chains of iron.

Ver. 13.  Iron.  Deut. xxviii. 48.  The rashness of Hananias brought a heavier punishment on his admirers, which is the lot of all who follow heresiarchs.  H.

14 For thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, to serve Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon, and they shall serve him: moreover also I have given him the beasts of the earth.

15 And Jeremias the prophet said to Hananias the prophet: Hear now, Hananias: the Lord hath not sent thee, and thou hast made this people to trust in a lie. 16 Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold I will send thee away from off the face of the earth: this year shalt thou die: for thou hast spoken against the Lord. 17 And Hananias the prophet died in that year, in the seventh month.

Ver. 17.  Seventh month.  He had spoken in the 5th of the sacred year.  v. 1.  C.

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Holy Spirit