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IN the beginning of the reign of Joakim the son of Josias king of Juda, came this word from the Lord, saying:

Ver. 1.  Beginning, after Joakim had reigned some time.  v. 21.

2 Thus saith the Lord: Stand in the court of the house of the Lord, and speak to all the cities of Juda, out of which they come, to adore in the house of the Lord, all the words which I have commanded thee to to speak unto them: leave not out one word.

Ver. 2.  Word.  This example all pastors should follow, in the midst of dangers.  C.

3 If so be they will hearken and be converted every one from his evil way; that I may repent me of the evil that I think to do unto them for the wickedness of their doings.

Ver. 3.  If.  God is not ignorant, (C.) but he preserves man's free-will.  S. Jer.


--- He threatens conditionally, if people persist in evil.  W.

4 And thou shalt say to them: Thus saith the Lord: If you will not hearken to me to walk in my law, which I have given to you: 5 To give ear to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent to you rising up early: and sending, and you have not hearkened: 6 I will make this house like Silo: and I will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth.

Ver. 6.  Silo.  C. vii. 12.  C.


--- Curse.  No greater punishment could be threatened or endured in this world.  H.


7 And the priests, and the prophets, and all the people heard Jeremias speaking these words in the house of the Lord. 8 And when Jeremias made an end of speaking all that the Lord had commanded him to speak to all the people, the priests, and the prophets, and all the people laid hold on him, saying: Let him be put to death.

Ver. 8.  Death.  The pretext was plausible, as God seemed to have promised the temple an eternal duration.  3 K. ix. 3.  The Jews accused Christ of the like crime.  Mat. xxvi. 61.  Such questions were brought before the sanhedrim and priests.  C. xxvi. 57.  But the latter are here (C.) the chief accusers with "the false prophets."  Sept.  H.


--- The princes, moved by the elders, (v. 17.) acquit the prophet, (C.) at the persuasion of Ahicam.  v. 24.  Several priests would probably judge along with the other princes, as the examination of impostors belonged chiefly to their tribunal.  H.


--- All is often used for most part.  W.

9 Why hath he prophesied in the name of the Lord, saying: This house shall be like Silo; and this city shall be made desolate, without an inhabitant? And all the people were gathered together against Jeremias in the house of the Lord.

10 And the princes of Juda heard these words: and they went up from the king's house into the house of the Lord, and sat in the entry of the new gate of the house of the Lord.

11 And the priests and the prophets spoke to the princes, and to all the people, saying: The judgement of death is for this man: because he hath prophesied against this city, as you have heard with your ears. 12 Then Jeremias spoke to all the princes, and to all the people, saying: The Lord sent me to prophesy concerning this house, and concerning this city all the words you have heard.


13 Now therefore amend your ways, and your doings, and hearken to the voice of the Lord your God: and the Lord will repent of the evil that he hath spoken against you.


14 But as for me, behold I am in your hands: do with me what is good and right in your eyes: 15 But know ye, and understand, that if you put me to death, you will shed innocent blood against your own selves, and against this city, and the inhabitants thereof. For in truth the Lord sent me to you, to speak all these words in your hearing.

Ver. 15.  Sent me.  This was a complete justification.  C.


--- None could deny but Jeremias had all the characters of a true prophet.  v. 16.  H.

16 Then the princes, and all the people said to the priests, and to the prophets: There is no judgement of death for this man: for he hath spoken to us in the name of the Lord our God.

Ver. 16.  All.  The populace easily changes either for better or for worse.  W.

17 And some of the ancients of the land rose up: and they spoke to all the assembly of the people, saying:

Ver. 17.  Ancients.  They declare what happened about 100 years before, respecting Micheas. iii. 12.  C.

18 Micheas of Morasthi was a prophet in the days of Ezechias king of Juda, and he spoke to all the people of Juda, saying: Thus saith the Lord of hosts: Sion shall be ploughed like a field, and Jerusalem shall be a heap of stones: and the mountain of the house the high places of woods.

Ver. 18.  Mountain.  Sion, on which the house of the Lord was built.  Conquerors have sometimes ploughed up cities.  C.


--- Jam seges est ubi Troja fuit.  Ovid, ep. i.


19 Did Ezechias king of Juda, and all Juda, condemn him to death? did they not fear the Lord, and beseech the face of the Lord: and the Lord repented of the evil that they had spoken against them? therefore we are doing a great evil against our souls.

20 There was also a man that prophesied in the name of the Lord, Urias the son of Semei of Cariathiarim: and he prophesied against this city, and against this land, according to all the words of Jeremias.

Ver. 20.  There was.  The adversaries make this reply, or the others contrast the conduct of Joakim with the piety of Ezechias.

21 And Joakim, and all his men in power, and his princes heard these words: and the king sought to put him to death. And Urias heard it, and was afraid, and fled and went into Egypt.

22 And king Joakim sent men into Egypt, Elnathan the son of Achobor, and men with him into Egypt.

23 And they brought Urias out of Egypt: and brought him to king Joakim, and he slew him with the sword: and he cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.

Ver. 23.  Egypt, as a seditious person...Joakim was tributary to Pharao.

24 So the hand of Ahicam the son of Saphan was with Jeremias, that he should not be delivered into the hands of the people, to put him to death.

Ver. 24.  Ahicam.  A man employed under Josias, (4 K. xxii. 12.) and father of Godolias, who was also the protector of Jeremias.  C. xxxix. 14. and 4 K. xxv. 22.  C.

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