Ver. 2. Place. It was going to be destroyed, and the cares of a family might interrupt the prophet. The Fathers believe that Jeremias never married, (see S. Jer. in C. xxii. Isidor.) which was then a rare example. C.
--- He always lived a single life, and not only in time of tribulation. S. Jer. c. Jov. 1. W.
--- The Church enforces this law of God for her sacred ministers, in subdeacons and the higher orders. S. Paul shews the propriety of such a regulation, (1 Cor. vii.) which innovators deem unnatural and tyrannical. How then could God enforce it once? With his grace we may observe celibacy like Jeremias. H.
Ver. 4. Illnesses, denoting God's wrath. S. Jer.
--- Earth. The privation of sepulture was accounted one of the greatest evils.
Ver. 5. Feasting: usual at burials for all relations. C.
--- This custom reduced many to poverty. Jos. Bel. ii. 1.
--- Sed cænam funerishæres
Negliget iratus quod rem curtaverit. Pers. vi.
--- Mourn, if thou shouldst meet a funeral. Lu. vii. 32.
Ver. 6. Cut. Moses prohibited this being done in honour of Adonis. Lev. xix. 27. Deut. xiv. 1. Ezec. xxvii. 31. "The custom of cutting the arms and hair still subsists in Judea," says S. Jerom; and in other countries. Plut. Herodot. iv. 71.
Ver. 7. Cup. Most exquisite things were sent on such occasions. Buxtorf, Syn. xxxv. Prov. xxxi. 6. Tob. iv. 18. John xi. 19.
Ver. 8. Feasting. Heb. "of drinking," in times of joy.
Ver. 12. Fathers. Hence you are justly partakers of their punishment. Mat. xxiii. 32. C.
--- A continuance in sin brings on severe punishments; after which, God again shews mercy. W.
Ver. 13. Gods. Elohim, "masters," &c. C. xvii. 4. Chal. "idolatrous nations."
Ver. 15. Fathers. He joins consolation with distressing predictions, and alludes to the redemption of mankind, of which the return of the Jews was the most striking pledge.
Ver. 16. Rocks. They shall be found in all their lurking places. Ezec. xii. 12. Hab. i. 4. C.
--- The apostles shall save them. Orig.
--- The Medes and Persians shall grant them liberty; or rather Nabuchodonosor shall fish at first, and afterwards hunt or destroy more of the Jews. C.
--- Apostolical men (W.) shall be like rocks, (S. Jer.) for the protection of their hearers.
Ver. 18. Double: enormous. H. C. xvii. 18.
--- I will punish them doubly.
--- Carcasses. So he styles the victims, or idols, the representations of dead men.
Ver. 19. Them. After the captivity many were converted. Esth. viii. and 1 Esd. vi. 21. Edom was forced to receive circumcision. But this was nothing in comparison with the crowds which embraced the gospel.
Ver. 20. Make gods. This consideration alone suffices to shew their absurdity. C.
--- "Man must now be merciful to god!" Tert. Apol.
--- No one can make even a man, much less a god. S. Jer. W.
Ver. 21. Power, in taking vengeance on idolatry.
--- Lord. "He who is;" (C.) Jehova. H.