Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1 Sam 2 Sam 1 Ki 2 Ki 1 Chron 2 Chron Ezra Neh Tob Jdt Esth Job Ps Prov Eccles Song Wis Sir Isa Jer Lam Bar Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jon Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal 1 Mac 2 Mac
THE Word of the Lord that came to Jeremias concerning the words of the drought.

Ver. 1.  Drought, during the last siege, (v. 18.  S. Jer.) or after the captivity of Jechonias; (C. viii. 13.) though the famine might happen in the days of Josias.  Joel i.  C.


--- This scourge was in punishment of sin, and signified the privation of grace.  W.

2 Judea hath mourned, and the gates thereof are fallen, and are become obscure on the ground, and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up.

3 The great ones sent their inferiors to the water: they came to draw, they found no water, they carried back their vessels empty: they were confounded and afflicted, and covered their heads.

Ver. 3.  Water.  Siloe was the only spring near, and it was often dry, (S. Jer.) though it was formerly abundant, (Jos. Bel. vi. 6.) as well as the fountain of Gehon.  The city was furnished with cisterns.  C.


--- But all was now dry.  H.


--- Heads; mourning.  2 K. xv. 30.

4 For the destruction of the land, because there came no rain upon the earth, the husbandmen were confounded, they covered their heads. 5 Yea, the hind also brought forth in the field, and left it, because there was no grass.

Ver. 5.  Field.  They prefer places frequented by men.  Pliny viii. 32.

6 And the wild asses stood upon the rocks, they snuffed up the wind like dragons, their eyes failed, because there was no grass.

Ver. 6.  Wind, for refreshment.


--- Failed, through want, though they be very piercing.

7 If our iniquities have testified against us, O Lord, do thou it for thy name's sake, for our rebellions are many, we have sinned against thee.

Ver. 7.  Sake.  We have the honour to be called thy people.  We urge no merit of our own.

8 O expectation of Israel, the Saviour thereof in time of trouble: why wilt thou be a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man turning in to lodge?

Ver. 8.  Lodge.  The Fathers apply this to our Saviour, in a spiritual sense.  C.

9 Why wilt thou be as a wandering man, as a mighty man that cannot save? but thou, O Lord, art among us, and thy name is called upon by us, forsake us not.

Ver. 9.  Wandering.  Sept. "sleeping;" (H.) or as a boaster, who thinks himself strong.  W.


--- Upon us.  Shall strangers rule over thy people?

10 Thus saith the Lord to his people, that have loved to move their feet, and have not rested, and have not pleased the Lord: He will now remember their iniquities, and visit their sins.

Ver. 10.  Rested.  They are inconstant, fond of novelties, and apply to idols.

11 And the Lord said to me: Pray not for this people for their good.

Ver. 11.  Good, that the drought may be removed.  C.  See C. vii. 16. and xi. 14.  M.


--- "It is folly to pray for him who has sinned unto death," (S. Jer.  1 Jo. v. 16.) by final impenitence.  C.


--- Sacrifices will not benefit the impenitent.  S. Jer.


12 When they fast I will not hear their prayers: and if they offer holocausts and victims, I will not receive them: for I will consume them by the sword, and by famine, and by the pestilence.
13 And I said: Ah, ah, ah, O Lord God, the prophets say to them: You shall not see the sword, and there shall be no famine among you, but he will give you true peace in this place.

Ver. 13.  Ah.  Hebrew has only one exclamation, or three letters, which Aquila renders, Ah, ah, ah.  C. i. 6.  Ezec. iv. 14.  H.


--- Jeremias lays the blame on false prophets.  C.


--- Yet they afford no excuse to thy followers.  Both fall into the ditch.  W.


14 And the Lord said to me: The prophets prophesy falsely in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, nor have I spoken to them: they prophesy unto you a lying vision, and divination and deceit, and the seduction of their own heart.


15 Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning the prophets that prophecy in my name, whom I did not send, that say: Sword and famine shall not be in this land: By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed. 16 And the people to whom they prophecy, shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the fanmine and the sword, and there shall be none to bury them: they and their wives, their sons and their daughters, and I will pour out their wickedness upon them.

17 And thou shalt speak this word to them: Let my eyes shed down tears night and day, and let them not cease, because the virgin daughter of my people is afflicted with a great affliction, with an exceeding grievous evil.

Ver. 17.  My.  Sept. "your eyes."  Jeremias shews by his tears the future misery.  C.


--- Virgin.  Though many were sinners, the Church had some just souls.  W.


18 If I go forth into the fields, behold the slain with the sword: and if I enter into the city, behold them that are consumed with famine. The prophet also and the priest are gone into a land which they knew not.

Ver. 18.  Famine.  Under Jechonias many were slain, and the chiefs carried into captivity.  4 K. xxiv. 12.


--- Into.  Heb. "through the land, and are ignorant."  Chal. "they apply to their business, to earthly concerns, and care not."  C. v. 31.

19 Hast thou utterly cast away Juda, or hath thy soul abhorred Sion? why then hast thou struck us, so that there is no healing for us? we have looked for peace, and there is no good: and for the time of healing, and behold trouble.


20 We acknowledge, O Lord, our wickedness, the iniquities of our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. 21 Give us not to be a reproach, for thy name's sake, and do not disgrace in us the throne of thy glory: remember, break not thy covenant with us.

Ver. 21.  Glory; heaven, the temple or Jerusalem.  How will infidels blaspheme!

22 Are there any among the graven things of the Gentiles that can send rain? or can the heavens give showers? art not thou the Lord our God, whom we have looked for? for thou hast made all these things.

Ver. 22.  Rain.  Let not the people have recourse to idols, (C.) in despair.  H.

Mt Mk Lk Jn Acts Rom 1 Cor 2 Cor Gal Eph Phil Col 1 Thess 2 Thess 1 Tim 2 Tim Tit Philem Heb Jas 1 Pet 2 Pet 1 Jn 2 Jn 3 Jn Jude Rev


Holy Spirit