Ver. 1. O Jerusalem, is not in Heb. or S. Jer. but in the Sept. Some few things may refer to the terrestrial Jerusalem, though the prophet speaks chiefly of the celestial and of the Church.
--- Lord, very great. Christ came to save us. C.
--- God prevents by his grace, but man must co-operate to be justified. W.
Ver. 2. People. Babylon shall suffer, while thou art relieved. C.
--- The Gentiles continue in darkness till they embrace the faith. v. 3. H.
--- Only those who are in the Church receive the light of truth. W.
Ver. 3. Rising. The three wise men were the first.
Ver. 4. Rise up. S. Jer. "suck," as the Heb. may imply. C.
--- Sept. "shall be carried on the shoulders." H.
--- This may refer to the captives and to the Church.
Ver. 5. Wonder. Heb. and Sept. in S. Jerom, "fear." This sensation is often mixed with joy. Mat. xxviii. 8.
--- Thee. No such nations joined the Jews, as they did the Church.
Ver. 6. Epha. Abraham's grandson, who dwelt near his father, Madian, in Arabia, which was famous for camels. C.
--- Saba. India mittit ebur, molles sua thura Sabæi? Geor. i.
--- The Arabians embraced the gospel, but never brought their treasures to Jerusalem. C.
--- The three kings came on swift beasts to adore Christ, and fulfilled his prophecy. Mat. ii. W.
SabaSaba is written with sh, to denote a part of Arabia, and with s, when Ethiopia is meant. Ps. lxxi. 10. The former is here designated, (M.) being "the ends of the earth, east" of Judea, (Tacit. Hist. v.) and lying also to the south of that country. Matt. xii. 42. This region was famous for gold, &c. and acknowledged the dominion of women: "Medis levibusque Sabæis Imperat hic sexus." Claud. Eutrop. i. Grotius follows the opinion of Josephus (viii. 6.) and Origen, (hom. 2. in Cant.) who place the seat of this queen's empire at Meroe. The Abyssinians also pretend that their kings are descendants of Solomon, by the queen of Saba; and that Azarias, the son of Sadoc, stole the tables of the law, when he brought back his pupil from Jerusalem. Sanctius.
Ver. 7. Cedar and Nabaioth sprung from Ismael, and dwelt in desert Arabia, under tents, feeding flocks. S. Jer. Ezec. xxvii. 21.
--- They also were converted to Christ.
CedarCedar: Arabia, (Ch.) near to Edom. C. --- Cedar and Nabaioth sprung from Ismael, and dwelt in desert Arabia, under tents, feeding flocks. S. Jer. Ezec. xxvii. 21.
Ver. 8. Clouds. They are thy children, accompanied by strangers.
Ver. 9. Afar. All nations shall receive the gospel. Many made presents to the temple, after the return of the Jews. C.
--- The islands, Great Britain, &c. embrace the faith. Tert. Orig. Ven. Bede, S. Chrys. &c. W.
Ver. 10. To thee. The Persians monarchs (C.) were mostly favourable to the Jews. H.
--- The Gentiles help to form the Church, which rejects no one. v. 11.
Ver. 12. Desolation. Though the Machabees conquered several nations, this can only be verified in the Church of Christ, to which God has subjected all; so that out of his faith none can be saved. Heb. ii. 8.
Ver. 13. Glory; cedar, which was chiefly used in building the temple. 1 Esd. iii. 7. C.
--- This must be explained of the saints, who founded the Church, &c. S. Jer.
--- Emperors became Christians, with the most potent nations. W.
ArAr Moab or Areopolis (Num 21:15, etc.) N. of Moab, and S. of the river Arnon; some suggest Rabba; others Umm er-Resâs; others Mûhâtet el-Haj. --- Ar is sometimes called Rabbah Moab, "the great city of the Moabites," (Jo. xiii. 25,) and Areopolis. Euseb.
Ver. 14. Feet. Prot. "shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet." This posture is not then essentially idolatrous. H.
--- Jerusalem shall be rebuilt by those who destroyed it. C. xlix. 17. It is not easy to prove this of the earthly city: but the pagans, who persecuted the Church, have embraced her communion, and begged to receive baptism.
Ver. 16. Kings. Thou shalt be treated like royal babes. C. xlix. 23. C.
--- Sept. "and thou shalt eat the riches of kings." H.
Ver. 17. Visitation. Sept. "give thy chiefs in peace, and thy bishops in justice." S. Clement (ad Cor.) reads, "I will appoint their bishops in justice, and their deacons in faith." C.
--- The Scripture thus specifies the name and duties of the pastors of the Church S. Jer.
Ver. 18. Gates. Jerusalem was not less corrupt after the captivity than before, if we except idolatry. C.
--- Heaven alone enjoys a perfect peace and freedom from sin, (S. Cyr. &c.) though the Church is always holy. H.
Ver. 19. Thou shalt, &c. In this latter part of the chapter, the prophet passes from the illustrious promises made to the Church militant on earth, to the glory of the Church triumphant in heaven. Ch.
--- Glory. S. John seems to have copied this. Apoc. xviii. &c.
Ver. 22. The least of the apostles shall bring many converts, (C.) or shall be spiritual (H.) governor of a great city, (Mic. v. 2.) in the Church militant. C.
--- A small shoot, or family, in the Church, shall produce many others. M.