Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1 Sam 2 Sam 1 Ki 2 Ki 1 Chron 2 Chron Ezra Neh Tob Jdt Esth Job Ps Prov Eccles Song Wis Sir Isa Jer Lam Bar Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jon Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal 1 Mac 2 Mac
IN the year that king Ozias died, I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne high and elevated: and his train filled the temple.

Ver. 1.  Died.  Either a natural (C.) or a civil death, by means of the leprosy.  Chal.  Tostat. 7.


--- This and the former chapters relate to the commencement of Joathan's reign, whether before or after the death of Ozias.  C.


--- Many think that this was the first prediction of Isaias.  Orig.  S. Jer. ad Dam.


--- I saw.  By a prophetic vision, as if I had been present at the dedication of the temple.  3 K. viii. 10.  C.


--- Lord.  Not the Father, as some have asserted, but the Son.  Jo. xii. 40.  S. Jer. ad Dam.  C.


--- Neither Moses nor any other saw the substance of God; but only a shadow.  Yet Manasses hence took a pretext to have Isaias slain.  Orig.  S. Jer. Trad.  Paral.  W.

2 Upon it stood the seraphims: the one had six wings, and the other had six wings: with two they covered his face, and with two they covered his feet, and with two they hew.

Ver. 2.  The two Seraphims "burning."  They are supposed to constitute the highest order of angels.  Num. xxi. 6.


--- His.  God's or their own face.  Heb. and Sept. are ambiguous.  Out of respect, (C.) they look not at the divine majesty.  M.

3 And they cried one to another, and said: Holy, holy, holy, the Lord God of hosts, all the earth is full of his glory.

Ver. 3.  Glory.  By no means of the Incarnation.  The unity and Trinity are insinuated.  S. Jer.  S. Greg. Mor. xxix. 16.


4 And the lintels of the doors were moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.

Ver. 4.  Of him.  Sept. "them," (H.) the Seraphim signifying that the veil was removed by the death of Christ, (Theod.) or that the people should be led into captivity, as a Jew explained it to S. Jerom.

5 And I said: Woe is me, because I have held my peace; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people that hath unclean lips, and I have seen with my eyes the King the Lord of hosts.

Ver. 5.  Peace.  It is proper for sinners to do so.  Eccli. xv. 9.  The prophet was grieved that he was unworthy to join in the acclamation of the Seraphim, and had reason to fear death.  Gen. xvi. 13.  Ex. xxxiii. 20.  He finds himself less able to speak than before, like Moses.  Ex. iv. 10. and vi. 12.

6 And one of the seraphims flew to me, and in his hand was a live coal, which he had taken with the tongs off the altar.

Ver. 6.  Coal.  "Carbuncle," (Sept.) the word of God, (S. Basil) spirit of prophecy, (S. Jer. 142. ad Dam.) &c.

7 And he touched my mouth, and said: Behold this hath touched thy lips, and thy iniquities shall be taken away, and thy sin shall be cleansed.

Ver. 7.  Sin.  Impediment in speech.  All defects were attributed to some sin, (Jo. ix. 2.) as Job's friends maintained.


8 And I heard the voice of the Lord, saying: Whom shall I send? and who shall go for us? And I said: Lo, here am I, send me.

Ver. 8.  For us.  Hence arises a proof of the plurality of persons.  C.


--- Send me.  Thus Isaias was an evangelical and apostolical prophet.  S. Jer.  W.



And I heard the voice of the Lord, saying: Whom shall I send? and who shall go for us? And I said: Lo, here am I, send me.

9 And he said: Go, and thou shalt say to this people: Hearing, hear, and understand not: and see the vision, and know it not.


10 Blind the heart of this people, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted and I heal them.

Ver. 10.  Blind.  The prophets are said to do what they denounce.  S. Tho. 1. q. xxiv. 3.  Sanct.


--- Sept. "heavy or gross is the heart," &c.  The authors of the New Testament quote it thus less harshly.


--- Them.  Is God unwilling to heal?  Why then does he send his prophet?  C.


--- He intimates that all the graces offered would be rendered useless by the hardened Jews.  S. Isid. Pelus. 2. ep. 270.


--- Heb. may be, "surely they will not see," &c.  C.

11 And I said: How long, O Lord? And he said: Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land shall be left desolate.

Ver. 11.  Desolate.  By means of Nabuchodonosor, (S. Chrys.) and the Romans, (Eus. &c.) or even till the end of the world, their obstinacy will continue.

12 And the Lord shall remove men far away, and she shall be multiplied that was left in the midst of the earth.

Ver. 12.  Earth.  After the captivity, the people shall be more docile.  But this was more fully verified by the preaching of the gospel.

13 And there shall be still a tithing therein, and she shall turn, and shall be made a show as a turpentine tree, and as an oak that spreadeth its branches: that which shall stand therein, shall be a holy seed.

Ver. 13.  Tithing.  The land shall produce its fruits, and people shall bring their tithes.  Ezec. xx. 40.  There shall be some left; (c. i. 9. and iv. 3.  C.) though only a tenth part will embrace Christianity.  S. Bas.


--- Made.  Sept. "ravaged."  They shall be exposed to many persecutions under Epiphanes, and few shall escape the arms of the Romans, (C.) those particularly (H.) who shall be a holy seed.  C.


--- The apostles were of Jewish extraction, (H.) and spread the gospel throughout the world.  M.

Mt Mk Lk Jn Acts Rom 1 Cor 2 Cor Gal Eph Phil Col 1 Thess 2 Thess 1 Tim 2 Tim Tit Philem Heb Jas 1 Pet 2 Pet 1 Jn 2 Jn 3 Jn Jude Rev


Holy Spirit