Ver. 1. Islands, near Asia, whose conversion Isaias often predicts, (C.) as he does that of all nations. H.
--- God continues to prove his divinity, (C.) expostulating with idolaters, whose conversion is insinuated, and among the rest that of Britain, which is the most renowned island in Europe. Bristow, anot. 11. W.
Ver. 2. Just one. Sept. "justice." Christ, (Eus. S. Jer.) Abraham, (Chal. Grot.) or Cyrus, whose conquests were effects of God's providence. v. 10. C. xlv.
--- Kings. Cyrus liberated Persia, conquered Babylon and all Asia.
Ver. 3. Feet. His march and victories shall be so rapid, like those of Alexander. Dan. viii. 5.
Ver. 4. Beginning. Disposing all things, as the conquests of Cyrus, announced so long before by name, evince.
--- Last. Alpha and Omega. Apoc. i. 8. and xxii. 13.
Ver. 5. Islands. People of Asia Minor. Gen. x. 5. C.
--- The Babylonians made a league with the most potent king Crœsus, to oppose the young conqueror. Xen. B. i.
Ver. 7. Moved. Thus the nations conspire against Cyrus (C.) and the Messias. H.
Ver. 10. Upheld thee. Cyrus shall gain the victory, and give thee liberty.
Ver. 14. Dead. Though you were in the grave, I could protect you. Captivity is often represented under this idea. C.
--- You who are despised, fear not, since Christ will protect and reward you. W.
Ver. 15. Chaff. Cambyses perished on the mountains of Judea, (H.) and the Machabees gained many victories over the Syrians. Mic. iv. 13. Ezec. xxxix. C.
--- They are here meant, as their exploits resembled those of Cyrus. Houbigant.
Ver. 18. Waters. The captives shall be refreshed in the deserts. C. xxxv. 6. and xliii. 20. C.
Ver. 19. The thorn. In Hebrew, the shitta or settim, a tree resembling the whitethorn. Ch. S. Jer.
--- A fragrant shade shall speedily rise up. Bar. v. 6. C.
Ver. 21. Thing. Add "strong," forte, (H.) any good proof of idolatry.
Ver. 23. Good. The prescience and power of God prove his divinity. Can idols produce any thing similar? C.
--- None can tell what will happen, unless God reveal it. W.
Ver. 24. Work. All that you can do or promise. Heb. "your work is worse than a viper."
Ver. 25. Sun. Cyrus had a Persian for his father, and a Mede for his mother; thus uniting both nations, (C.) so that he was styled a mule by an ancient oracle. Eus. præp. ix. 41.
--- These countries lay to the north-east of Judea. C.
Ver. 26. Just, or "the just one," (H.) that we may recognise Cyrus at once.
--- Your words. He addresses the idols. You cannot dive into futurity. C.
Ver. 28. I. Isaias, (M.) or God, (H.) pronounces sentence against the speechless idols. M.