Ver. 1. Lily. Judea flourishes under Ezechias: but the Church does more so after the coming of Christ, to whom these expressions conduct us. C.
--- The Gentiles shall be converted and flourish, as this text shews. W.
Ver. 2. Joy. The primitive Christians rejoiced in a good conscience, and in suffering for the truth.
CarmelCarmel. Not where Elias dwelt, but a city and mountain 10 miles east of Eleutheropolis. Nabal rendered it famous by his imprudence, (1 K. xxv.) and Saul by a triumphal arch, 1 K. xv. 12. --- Carmel, so famous for the miracles of Elias, 3 K. xviii. 20. Josephus (Bel. ii. 17,) places it 120 stadia south of Ptolemais. This range of mountains extended northward through the tribes of Issachar and of Zabulon. Pliny (v. 17,) speaks of a promontory and of a town of this name. Here also the god Carmel was adored, having an altar, but no temple or image, as the ancients had decreed. Nec simulacrum Deo aut templum, (sic tradidere majores) ara tantum et reverentia. Tacit. Hist. ii. 78. --- Vespasian consulted the priest Basilides. Carmel means "the vineyard of the Lord," or the excellent vineyard, &c. It was so rich and beautiful as to become proverbial. The spouse compares the head of his beloved to Carmel. C. vii. 5. Isaias (xxxii. 15,) foretels that the deserts shall be equal to Carmel. It was covered with wood and fruit. S. Jerom in Isai. x. 18. Jer. iv. 26. The city, which was built upon this mountain, and which Pliny calls by the same name, was formerly styled Ecbatana. The oracle had denounced to Cambyses that he should die at Ecbatana, and he concluded that the city of Media was meant; but it was "that of Syria," says Herodotus, (iii. 64,) where he died.
Ver. 3. Knees. Ye prophets, comfort the people with these promises. C.
--- The apostles taught the Gentiles to do good. M.
Ver. 4. Recompense. Christ will satisfy the justice of his Father. H.
--- He will redeem the world, and refute the false interpretations of the Bible. C.
--- He will bring the devil into subjection. M.
Ver. 6. Free. Our Saviour healed both soul and body, (C.) shewing by his works (Jo. x. W.) that he had fulfilled this prediction. Lu. vii. 22. Mat. xi. 5.
--- Waters. Baptism has sanctified the most wicked.
Ver. 7. Dragons. Sea monsters. C. xxxiv. 13. C.
--- All shall be in proper order, neither too dry nor too wet. H.
Ver. 8. Way, leading to Jerusalem. Idolaters, &c. shall not be there. C. lii. 1. This was only verified (C.) in the Catholic Church, where, though some wicked may be found, the truth still prevails; and holiness can be obtained no where else. H.
--- This Church is unspotted. Eph. v. 27. C.
--- Fools. The most simple may learn what is necessary for salvation, (M.) which will never be done by consulting Scripture alone. H.
Ver. 9. Lion. The devil's power shall be repressed, so that none will be deluded except by their own fault. M.
Ver. 10. Sion. Before the defeat of Sennacherib, the roads were unsafe. C. xxxviii. 8. C.