Ver. 1. Come. Both Gentiles and Jews are admonished of the world's end before judgment. W.
Ver. 4. Away. These strong expressions denote great misery. C. xiii. Joel ii. 10. Ezec. xxxii. 27. C.
--- Book. Heb. "roll." H.
--- Some thence foolishly inferred that the destiny of every one might be read in the heavens. Huet. Eus. præp. vi. 11. Philoo. xxiii. Pic. Astrol. viii. 5.
--- The prophet only means that the heavens shall be devoid of beauty, (C.) and covered with darkness. H.
Ver. 5. Heaven. Casting down the rebel angels. S. Jer.
--- The resolution to destroy the Idumeans, for their cruelty to the Jews, has been taken long ago. All these expressions allude to the last judgment. C.
--- Idumea. Under the name of Idumea or Edom, a people that were enemies of God and his Church. Ch.
--- Assaradon fell upon Edom two years after Sennacherib's death. C.
--- No strong place like Bosra, shall rescue any from destruction at the last day. W.
BosraBosra, 1 (Isa 63:1; Edom): Buseireh, S. of the Dead Sea. — 2 (Josh 21:27), mistranslation for Astaroth. — 3 (Jer 48:24): Bosor, 1. --- Bosra, or Bezer, was the capital of Idumea, in the tribe of Ruben. C.
Ver. 7. The unicorns. That is, the great and mighty. Ch.
Ver. 8. Recompenses. When the persecutors of Sion, that is, of the Church, shall receive their reward. Ch.
--- The Idumeans had frequently shown their ill-will towards the Jews. 2 Par. xxviii. 17. Amos i. 11. C.
--- Sion shall perish as the wicked in hell shall be tormented. W.
Ver. 9. Pitch. The soil was sulphureous, and became neglected, (v. 10.) like the territory of Sodom. The people are now no more, and only a few miserable Arabs pitch their tents there.
Ver. 11. Line. Intimating entire destruction. Lam. ii. 8. and 4 K. xi. 13. C.
--- Yet God will not punish more than people deserve. M.
Ver. 13. Dragons, Thannim. C. xiii. 22. H.
--- Ostriches, or swans.
Ver. 14. Monsters. Lit. "Ass-centaurs." H.
--- Heb. "fishermen shall find islands." C. xiii. 21.
--- Ones. Goats.
--- Lamia. Heb. lilith. Chal. "owl," the bird of Minerva, or the Moon, which the Arabs style Alilat. C.
--- Dicodorus (20) relates that Lamia was an African queen, who having last her children, was changed into a beast, and destroyed all the children she could catch; and the Jews deal still more in fables, (C.) asserting that Lilith was the first wife of Adam, &c. Buxtorf. Syn. 2.
Ver. 15. Ericius. Heb. "kippoz, (H.) hath its nest." It may denote the serpent, acontias. Bochart.
--- All this shews the desolation of the country.
Ver. 16. Read what I have written.
--- The other. All these beasts will be there, (C.) or all these declarations will be verified. H.