Ver. 1. Amen. He approves of God's judgments (H.) against Jerusalem. W.
Ver. 2. City; Jerusalem, or rather Babylon, (C. xxi. C.) or every city (H.) in the world. M.
--- Strangers: the temples of idols.
Ver. 3. People; the Chaldees, or their conquerors.
Ver. 4. Poor; Juda, whom Nabuchodonosor's fury could not exterminate.
Ver. 5. Away. Cyrus (C.) shall reduce Babylon the great. H.
Ver. 6. Mountain of Sion, a figure of the Church, and of heaven. The Jews shall feast: yea, some of all nations shall partake of the blessed Eucharist, and obtain heaven. The expressions are too grand for a corruptible feast. C.
--- Wine. Lit. "of vintage," (H.) on which occasion great rejoicings were made. Hesiod. Hercul. 297.
--- Prot. "of wines on the lees." H.
--- In the East, the wines were very thick. Ps. lxxv. 9. C.
--- On the rejection of the Jews, the Gentiles were converted. W.
Ver. 7. Tied. He will open their eyes to the truth of the gospel. They shall be no longer as criminals, expecting death, or mourning.
Ver. 8. Ever. Heb. "he shall swallow up death in victory." 1 Cor. xv. 54. Christ, by dying, conquered death, and rescued us from its power, if we do not voluntarily subject ourselves to it again. This was faintly represented by the liberation of the captives.
Ver. 10. Mountain: the Church. C.
--- Moab. That is, the reprobate, whose eternal punishment, from which they can no way escape, is described under these figures. Ch.
--- The Machabees probably executed this vengeance on Moab. 1 Mac. v. 6.
Ver. 11. Hands. All his exertions and fury will prove useless. H.
--- Moab shall lie prostrate.