Ver. 1. After. Sept. "in which."
Ver. 2. Given back (T.) as he refused to accept of the present. Some think that (C.) Hiram gave these cities in exchange for the others. Salien. M.
Ver. 3. Emath, or Emesa, on the Orontes. This city had belonged to Thou, who cultivated the friendship of David. 2 K. viii. 9. But after the death of these princes, it had given some offence to Solomon, who took it, as well as Palmira, or Thadmor, though not perhaps in person.
Ver. 4. Strong. Heb. "the cities of tents." Ex. i. 11. C.
--- Prot. "store cities," (H.) for corn, &c.
Beth-Horon the UpperBeth-horon. Grabe's Sept. adds, "the upper," which is the received opinion. C.
Beth-HoronBethoron. There were two cities of this name in the tribe of Ephraim, rebuilt by Sara. 1 Par. vii. 24. The lower was twelve miles from Jerusalem
Ver. 8. Tributaries. Heb. also, "to work," at cutting stones, &c. 1 Par. xxii. 2. Some of their descendants returned from captivity. Ib. ix. 2.
Ver. 11. Into it. It was deemed improper for a pagan woman to reside in the same place. C.
--- She had perhaps pretended, at first, to be converted, but had lately given some signs of relapse. Salien.
--- Solomon was as yet far from communicating with infidels. W.
Ver. 14. And gate, at their respective posts. See 1 Par. xxvi. H.
Ver. 17. Asiongaber, which was called Bernice, (Joseph. viii. 2.) and now Suez. T.
AsiongaberAsiongaber. Some place this station on the Mediterranean, where Strabo fixes the city of Gassion Gaber, the Beto Gabria of Ptolemy. But the Scripture informs us it lay on the Red Sea. 3 K. ix. 16. Cellarius thinks most probably upon the Elanitic gulf, to the east of that of Suez, or Heroopolis, where Josephus maintains Asiongaber or I101Bernice stood. The Hebrews came to this station from that of Elat. Deut. ii. 8. C. --- Asiongaber, which was called Bernice, (Joseph. viii. 2.) and now Suez. T. --- Asion-gaber was on the Red Sea; and ships would not have been built there, to trade on the Mediterranean. C. ix. 21. T.
AilathThe same as Elath. --- Ailath, to the east. See Num. xxxiii. 13.
Ver. 18. Ships; not perhaps from Tyre, but from the Red Sea. C.
--- Others think that he sent them by a canal, which opened a communication between the Mediterranean and Suez, (Huet) the distance of about ninety miles. Pliny ii. 68.
--- But this canal seems to have been made after the age of Solomon. Hence others imagine that the ships were taken in pieces, or conveyed by land, as has been sometimes done. Mahomet II. transported ships across the isthmus of Corinth. Alexander the Great conveyed on chariots the ships which had been used to cross the Indus, as far as the Hydaspes. Arrian vii. C.
--- Skilful mariners. They were the most expert, and the inventers of navigation. Prima ratem ventis tradere docta Tyrus. Tibul. See Wisd. xiv. 6.
--- Ophir, the kingdom of Pegu, in the East Indies, (T.) or some other distant land. H.
--- Fifty. Thirty are omitted, 3 K. ix. 28, as they were expended in the voyage. C.
--- Yet the Heb. letters for twenty and fifty are extremely similar. D.