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JOATHAM was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was Jerusa the daughter of Sadoc.


2 And he did that which was right before the Lord, according to all that Ozias his father had done, only that he entered not into the temple of the Lord, and the people still transgressed.

Ver. 2.  Lord.  Like Ozias, to offer incense.  He was content with the royal dignity, without arrogating to himself that of the priests.  C.


--- Transgressed.  Heb. "acted corruptly," on the heights.  4 K. xv. 35.  H.

3 He built the high gate of the house of the Lord, and on the wall of Ophel he built much.

Ver. 3.  Gate, on the east, repairing (T.) and beautifying it so, (H.) that Jeremias (xxvi. 10,) calls it New.  T.


--- Ophel, on the walls of the city, (C.) towards the eastern porch of the temple.  Joseph.   S. Jer. in Isa. xxxii. 14.


--- Here the Nathineans dwelt.  2 Esd. iii. 26.  C.


--- Kimchi, &c. translate, "a citadel."  T.

4 Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Juda, and castles and towers in the forests.

5 He fought against the king of the children of Ammon, and overcame them, and the children of Ammon gave him at that time a hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand measures of wheat, and as many measures of barley: so much did the children of Ammon give him in the second and third year.

Ver. 5.  Measures, (coros.)  Heb. corim, also, (H.) means an "ass;" as this burden was sufficient for one, being equivalent to 30 Romans bushels.  A. Lapide.  M.


--- Give him.  Sept. adds, "These things did the king of Ammon bring to him every year, in the first year, and in the second, and the third."  H.


--- After paying tribute three years, the Ammonites revolted, and were subdued by Joatham, as they had been by his father.  C. xxvi. 7.

6 And Joatham was strengthened, because he had his way directed before the Lord his God. 7 Now the rest of the acts of Joatham, and all his wars, and his works, are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Juda.

Ver. 7.  Wars, with Rasin and Phacee.  4 K. xv. 37.


--- Juda.  What concerned both kingdoms was carefully preserved; and Esdras informs us from what records he composed this work.  C.

8 He was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem.

9 And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.


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