Ver. 1. Six and thirtieth year of his kingdom. That is, of the kingdom of Juda, taking the date of it from the beginning of the reign of Roboam. Ch.
--- It was the 16th of Asa. We read that Raasa died in the 26th year of Asa. 3 K. xvi. 8. How then could he fight with him in the 36th? T.
--- Rama was on an eminence, and commanded the pass below. Baasa wished to cut off all communication with the kingdom of Juda, as he knew many of his subjects had emigrated for the sake of the true religion. C. xv. 9. C.
--- He had taken the city from the tribe of Benjamin. T.
Ver. 3. There is, Heb. is indeterminate: "a league," &c. Sept. "Make a league....behold I have sent thee gold and silver. Come and drive away from me Baasa, king," &c.
--- That. Prot. "go, break thy league." H.
--- Asa induces the king of Damascus to act perfidiously. C.
--- Otherwise it is not unlawful to make use of the arms of infidels, unless where God has forbidden it. Grot. Jur. ii. 15. 9. Masius in Jos. ix. 15.
--- David had recourse to Achis, and the Machabees to the Romans. C.
--- Some kings are blamed for making leagues with the princes of Israel, because they had been warned to the contrary; and Asa was severely reprehended, as he had already received such assurances of the divine protection, (C. xiv. 12. and xv. 7.) that nothing but pusillanimity could have induced him (H.) to give away the sacred treasures, in order to obtain this aid of the Syrian king, v. 7.
Ver. 4. Nephthali. This seem preferable to the Heb. reading, 3 K. xv. 20. C.
--- Prot. "all the store-cities." Sept. "all the environs." H.
--- Arab. "all the arsenals of the cities of Nephthali."
AhionAhion (1Ki 15:20, etc.), also Aion (2Ki 15:29): the name seems to be preserved in Merj 'Ayûn, between the valley of the Leontes and that of the upper Jordan. The site was possibly Tell-Dibbîn, or Khiam, a near-by place. --- Ahion, or Ain, remote in the north, whence Theglathphalasar took away captives, (4 K. xv. 29.) is perhaps the Enan of Ezec. xlviii. 1. Num. xxxiv. 9.
Ver. 7. Syria. It seems more natural to read Israel. C.
--- But we must remember that Benadad was an ally of Israel; and if he had not been bribed, he would have come to the assistance of Baasa, (H.) and thus both might have fallen a prey to Asa, as the much greater forces of Zara had done. T.
Ver. 9. Behold. Prot. "run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect towards him." Sept. "to shew power in every heart full, or perfect, in his regard." H.
--- Asa fell on this occasion through human frailty, but rose again by repentance.
--- Thee, as they were till the death of Baasa. 3 K. xv. 32.
Ver. 10. Prison. Lit. "in bonds," (nervum) made of leather thongs or nerves, (H.) or of iron, to confine either the neck or the feet. Isidor. orig. 5. ult.
--- Heb. "the house of disturbance." Sept. &c. "prison." Some explain it (C.) of the stocks to enclose the neck. Vatable.
--- Time, either because they expressed the same sentiments as the prophet, (C.) or because they disapproved of his imprisonment. T.
--- Sept. "Asa made havoc among the people," &c. H.
Ver. 12. Most, &c. Heb. "till his disease got upwards," (C.) to the head (T.) and heart, (H.) when the gout generally proves fatal. A. Lapide
--- Sept. "till he was very ill:" (H.) a just punishment for his having confined the prophet in fetters; but of a temporal nature, as he sinned through passion, and died penitent, his heart being perfect (C. xv. 17.) all or the most part of his days, particularly in the last. W.
--- Rather. Heb. and Sept. simply, "physicians." H.
--- Yet it was not the having recourse to them, with some degree of confidence, that is here reprehended, but the placing too much trust in men, (C.) and too little in God, the sovereign arbiter of life and death. H.
Ver. 14. Sepulchre. Heb. "sepulchres," as there were many separate apartments in the same cavern. C.
--- Asa had prepared one cell, as David and Solomon had done. M. T.
--- Odoriferous (mertriciis.) Such as harlots delight in, (Prov. vii. 16,) to entice the sensual. D.
--- Heb. zenim, may be derived from zana, fornicari. It denotes a mixture of perfumes. M.
--- But here the Vulg. read zunim. D.
--- Heb. and Sept. "they laid him on a bed, and filled it with aromatical spices, and with various sorts of perfumers' ointments, and they made him a very great funeral, or (H.) burning." Prot.
--- It is not clear whether the body was placed on a bed of state, and these perfumes were used to remove every disagreeable smell, or the body itself was rather consumed along with them, a practice which seems to have become more common since the days of Asa. Jer. xxxiv. 5. 1 K. xxxi. 12. Amos vi. 10. Joram was deprived of this honour. C. xxi. 19. C.
--- Sanctius adduces many examples, to prove that the spices were burnt only near the body; (T.) and the Hebrews generally preferred to inter the corpse. Corpora condere quam cremare è more Ægyptio. Tacit. Hist. v.