Ver. 1. Lots. Those who had a mind to fix their abode at Jerusalem, received every encouragement. But some were compelled, that the city might regain its ancient splendour, and become the bulwark of the nation. Josephus (xi. 5.) says, that Nehemias built at his own expense houses for the priest and Levites, who chose to reside there.
Ver. 2. Blessed. Applauding their zeal and disinterestedness, as the city was yet only a heap of ruins. C.
--- Some from the other ten tribes returned; but the transactions of three tribes are more particularly noticed. V. Bede. W.
Ver. 3. Solomon. See 1 Esdras ii. 55. and 1 Par. ix. 2.
Ver. 4. Benjamin, as well as of Ephraim and Manasses. 1 Par. ix. 3. The difference between this last record and the present, arises from Nehemias including many who returned with Esdras and with himself. C.
Ver. 5. Silonite. Of the son of Sela,. 1 Par. ix. 5. T.
Ver. 9. Second. Vicegerent of Joel, (C.) or commander of a second part of the city. Syr.
Ver. 11. Achitob had the inspection over the Levites and treasures. Eliasib was then pontiff. C.
Ver. 13. Amassai. Or (1 Par. ix. 12.) Maasai, the son of Adiel, the son of Jezra, the son of Mosollam, the son of Mosollamoth, the son of Emmer.
Ver. 14. The mighty, for riches and power; on which account this family was conspicuous.
Ver. 15. Semeia. The ancient Latin MSS. read Sebenia. Martinay.
Ver. 16. Outward. For repairs of the temple, cultivation of the lands given by vow; also to buy provisions, sacred vestments, &c.
Ver. 17. Praise. Master of music. C.
--- Heb. "chief to begin the thanksgiving in prayer." Syr. "leader of the Jews in prayer." H.
Ver. 21. Gaspha, were chiefs of the Nathinites. C.
--- Heb. "over the," &c. Ophel was their place of residence. C. iii. 26.
Ver. 22. Overseer. Lit. "bishop." Heb. pekid, which has the same meaning. H.
--- Christians styled him who was at the head, bishop; as the Athenians did their chief justice. Grot. E. C.
Ver. 23. King's. David's, (C. xii. 24,) or perhaps the Persian monarch, who had appointed a maintenance for the priests, &c. 1 Esd. vi. and vii. C.
--- Order. Heb. "that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day." Prot.
Ver. 24. People. They addressed themselves to him, (H.) and he gave an exact account to the king (C.) of Persia. M.
Ver. 25. The houses. Heb. "and for the dwellings, (C.) or villages." Pagnin. M.
--- Villages. Lit. "daughters," which is often used in this sense. H.
CabseelCabseel (Josh 15:21; S. Juda).
Ver. 26. Jesue. This, and many of the other critics, had changed names, or were not built in the time of Josue. C.
Ver. 30. Bersabee. The southern extremity of Juda, (M.) unto the valley on the east of Jerusalem. Adric. 186.
AzecaAzeca (Josh 10:10, etc.; plain of Juda), in the environs of Tell Zakarîyah. --- Azeca, about 15 miles south of Jerusalem.
BethelBethel, 1 see s.v. — 2 (Josh 12:16; Simeon) another name for Bethul. --- Bethel, as it was called in the days of Moses, being the ancient Luza. C. --- Bethel signifies the house of God, being honoured with two altars. H.
AnaniaAnania (Neh 2:32; Benjamin): Beit-Hanîna, N. of Jerusalem.
AnathothAnathoth was a sacerdotal town in Benjamin. M. --- Anathoth, a village to the north of Jerusalem, to which many priests had retired, though it did not belong to them. C.
AsorAsor 1- (Josh 11:1, etc.; Nephtali), also Hasor, Heser. Egyptian: Huzar: the site seems to have been in the neighbourhood of L. Hûleh, but its exact location is the object of great discussions. 2- (Josh 15:23; S. Juda). perhaps connected with Jebel Hâdhîreh, N.E. of Cades. 3- (Josh 15:25; S. Juda). 4- (Neh 11:33, Benjamin), poss. Kh. Hazzûr, N. of Jerusalem. --- Asor, the capital of Jabin. C. xi. 1. --- Asor, near lake Semechon. Jos. xi. 1. Gr. "Nasor," erroneously. C.
Ver. 34-35. Lod. Built by Samad. 1 Par. viii. 12. It is called Lod-Hadid. C. vii. 37.
--- Ono had the same founder, and stood in the valley of craftsmen. C. vi. 2, and 1 Par. iv. 14.
Ver. 36. Portions. The Levites dwelt in the cities assigned to these two tribes. C.