Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1 Sam 2 Sam 1 Ki 2 Ki 1 Chron 2 Chron Ezra Neh Tob Jdt Esth Job Ps Prov Eccles Song Wis Sir Isa Jer Lam Bar Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jon Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal 1 Mac 2 Mac
NOW the sons of Issachar were Thola, and Phua, Jasub and Simeron, four.

Ver. 1.  Jasub, or Job.  See Gen. xlvi. 13.  Num. xxvi. 23.  C.


--- Simeron, elsewhere Samron and Semran; (M.) which shews, either that the names have been differently pronounced, or that the transcribers have erred.  H.


2 The sons of Thola: Ozi and Raphaia, and Jeriel, and Jemai, and Jebsem, and Samuel, chiefs of the houses of their kindreds. Of the posterity of Thola were numbered in the days of David, two and twenty thousand six hundred most valiant men.

Ver. 2.  Chiefs.  They were at the head of distinct families.  M.


--- David.  We know that David took an account of his fighting men.  2 K. xxiv.  But it is not certain that this register was made at that time; as we read that Benjamin was not numbered.  C. xxi. 6.  These lists were probably made when some expedition was intended by David.  The author was not, perhaps, able to recover the accounts of Nephthali, Manasses, and Ephraim, no more that the genealogies of Dan (v. 12) and Zabulon, which do not appear in this book.  C.

3 The sons of Ozi: Izrahia, of whom were born Michael, and Obadia, and Joel, and Jesia, five all great men.

Ver. 3.  Sons, for "the son."  D.


--- Izrahia.  He alone deserved to be mentioned.  See v. 6, where only three sons of Benjamin appear, though there were more, C. viii. 2.  T.


--- Five, comprising Israhia, "all chiefs," (H.) men of note, (D.) or one name may be lost.  C.

4 And there were with them by their families and peoples, six and thirty thousand most valiant men ready for war: for they had many wives and children.

Ver. 4.  Children, who had numerous offspring; (H.) so that, in the days of David, these descendants of Thola, amounted to so many.  M.

5 Their brethren also throughout all the house of Issachar, were numbered fourscore and seven thousand most valiant men for war.

Ver. 5.  War.  In all, this tribe could muster 145,600 men, at that time.  C.

6 The sons of Benjamin were Bela, and Bechor, and Jadihel, three.

Ver. 6.  Benjamin; a man, perhaps, of the tribe of Issachar.  See v. 10.  Or the patriarch had originally ten sons, (Gen. xlvi. 21.) or grandsons, five of whom only had children, and perhaps tow of their families perished entirely in the war with the other tribes; (Judg. xx. 46.) so that, under David, only three branches were acknowledged.  C.


--- Jadihel, or Asbel in Genesis.


7 The sons of Bela: Esbon, and Ozi, and Ozial, and Jerimoth and Urai, five chiefs of their families, and most valiant warriors, and their number was twenty-two thousand and thirty-four.

Ver. 7.  Urai, a grandson, called Hir, v. 12.  C.


--- Five chiefs, but inferior to the seven original families, (Num. xxvi. 38.  M.) unless the fortune of war had made great changes, or some of the lists be imperfect.  C.

8 And the sons of Bechor were Zamira, and Joas, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Amai, and Jerimoth, and Abia, and Anathoth, and Almath: all these were the sons of Bechor.


Almath (1Chron 6:60) also Almon (Josh 21:18), in Benjamin: Kh. 'Almith, N.E. of Jerusalem, between Jebâ and Anâtâ.


Anathoth was a sacerdotal town in Benjamin. M. --- Anathoth, a village to the north of Jerusalem, to which many priests had retired, though it did not belong to them. C.

9 And they were numbered by the families, heads of their kindreds, most valiant men for war, twenty thousand and two hundred. 10 And the son of Jadihel: Balan. And the sons of Balan: Jehus and Benjamin and Aod, and Chanana, and Zethan and Tharsis, and Ahisahar.

11 All these were sons of Jadihel, heads of their kindreds, most valiant men, seventeen thousand and two hundred fit to go out to war. 12 Sepham also and Hapham the sons of Hir: and Hasim the sons of Aher.

Ver. 12.  And Hapham; called Mophim and Ophim, (Gen. xlvi.) and Suphim and Hupham, Num. xxvi. 39.


--- Aher, in Heb. means, "another" son, called Hazim: or more probably Aher ought to be Dan, the father of Husim, (Gen. xlvi. 23.) as Dan and Nephthali had both the same mother, Bala, v. 13.  C.

13 And the sons of Nephtali were Jasiel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Sellum, sons of Bala.


14 And the son of Manasses, Ezriel: and his concubine the Syrian bore Machir the father of Galaad.

Ver. 14.  Son.  Heb. "sons...Ezriel, whom she bare."  This seems imperfect.  The Hebrews seldom name the mother.  C.


--- Sept. intimate that the Syrian wife was mother of both.  H.


--- Galaad, whose posterity enjoyed the country of the same name, (Num. xxii. 29. and xxxii. 41.) only Machir in mentioned as the son of Manasses.

15 And Machir took wives for his sons Happhim, and Saphan: and he had a sister named Maacha: the name of the second was Salphaad, and Salphaad had daughters.

Ver. 15.  And Saphan.  S. Jerom seems to have taken them for women.  If they were the sons of Hir, (v. 12) Machir probably adopted them.  Heb. "Machir took a wife from Happhim," &c.  But does one woman marry two men?  Syr. and Arab. "Machir took a wife one of the sisters of Huphim and Suphim, (the great and powerful) named Maacha."  C.


--- Prot. "the sister of Huppim...whose sister's name was Maachah."  H.


--- Hebrew may have this sense, with a small alteration.  C.


--- Le Clerc thinks that the name of the woman has been lost, and the text altered.


--- Second.  This also seems defective, as no first had been mentioned.  C.


--- Two intervened between Machir and Salphaad, namely, Galaad and Hepher, (Num. xxvi. 29. and xxvii. 1.  M.) so that Salphaad was his great-grandson.  H.

16 And Maacha the wife of Machir bore a son, and she called his name Phares: and the name of his brother was Sares: and his sons were Ulam and Recen.

17 And the son of Ulam, Baden. These are the sons of Galaad, the son of Machir the son of Manasses.

Ver. 17.  Badan, perhaps the same with Jair; (Judg. x. 3.  1 K. xii. 11.  C.) or rather in this last place, the Syr. &c. read more correctly Barac, and Samson instead of Samuel, who was then speaking.  See Heb. xi. 32.  There was no such deliverer as Badan, but the word has been corrupted from Barac.  Sept.  Kennicott.

18 And his sister named Queen bore Goodlyman, and Abiezer, and Mohola.

Ver. 18.  Queen.  Heb. "Moleceth bore Ishehod."  S. Jerom and the Latin Church translate these names.  W.


--- Prot. "Hammoleketh bore Ishod."  H.


--- The proper names might have been as well retained, (C.) as in the Sept.  H.


--- Some suppose that the mother of Josue, or Debora, may be designated.  Rabbins.


--- Abiezer, (19) Leci, are the Jeser and Chelek.  Num. xxvi. 30.

19 And the sons of Semida were Ahiu, and Sechem, and Leci and Aniam. 20 And the sons of Ephraim were Suthala, Bared his son, Thahath his son, Elada his son, Thahath his son, and his son Zabad,

Ver. 20.  Bared, Thahath, probably called Becher and Theken, in Num.  Three alone are there mentioned, though the other thirteen, whose names are given, seem to have been all the immediate sons of Ephriam, (C.) since he mourns for them, (v. 22.  M.) and his other children afterwards.  H.


--- The dreadful slaughter made them, is perhaps the reason why only three are mentioned in Numbers, and none in Genesis.

21 And his son Suthala, and his son Ezer, and Elad: and the men of Geth born in the land slew them, because they came down to invade their possessions.

Ver. 21.  Son, Ezer.  Heb. "and Ezer and Elad."  His son, after each, seems to be twice omitted, as these were in the same degree as the rest.  Sept. agree with the Vulg.  H.


--- Because they, the sons of Ephraim, (C. &c.) or the men of Geth.  Syr. and Arab.  D.  M.  T.


--- The text is ambiguous, but the former supposition seems more rational, (H.) and more generally received.  C.

22 And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him. 23 And he went in to his wife: and she conceived and bore a son, and he called his name Beria, because he was born when it went evil with his house:

Ver. 23.  Beria.  This name signifies, in evil, or in affection.  Ch.


--- Briae, "in howling."  M.

24 And his daughter was Sara, who built Bethoron, the nether and the upper, and Ozensara.

Ver. 24.  Daughter, or great grand-daughter, repaired these three cities.  C.


--- The last, probably, was called after her.  H.


--- But its situation is unknown.  C.

25 And Rapha was his son, and Reseph, and Thale, of whom was born Thaan,

Ver. 25.  Thale.  Heb. "and Thale, his son, and Thaan, his son."  These seem to have been the sons of Ephraim.  The following were their descendants.  H.


--- At least Elisama was prince in the wilderness, (C.) under Moses; (Num. i. 10.  H.) and Josue, the sixth from Ephraim, was 54 years old, when the Israelites left Egypt.  C.

26 Who begot Laadan: and his son was Ammiud, who beget Elisama, 27 Of whom was born Nun, who had Josue for his son. 28 And their possessions and habitations were Bethel with her daughters, and eastward Noran, and westward Gazer and her daughters, Sichem also with her daughters, as far as Ass with her daughters.


Bethel, 1 see s.v. — 2 (Josh 12:16; Simeon) another name for Bethul. --- Bethel, as it was called in the days of Moses, being the ancient Luza. C. --- Bethel signifies the house of God, being honoured with two altars. H.

29 And by the borders of the sons of Manasses Bethsan and her daughters, Thanach and her daughters, Mageddo and her daughters: Dor and her daughters: in these dwelt the children of Joseph, the son of Israel.

Ver. 29.  Daughters.  Sept. "villages."


--- Joseph, by Ephraim and Manasses, west of the Jordan.  H.


Bethsan, or Scythopolis, as it was called by the Greeks, after the Scythians had invaded those countries, (Herod. l. 105,) A.M. 3391, almost 100 years from the destruction of the kingdom of Israel. Unless these Scythians may rather be the Cutheans, who were sent to people the kingdom of Samaria, most of whom embraced the Jewish religion, while those of Bethsan adhered to their ancient idolatry, and therefore retained their name. Even in the days of Josephus, most of the inhabitants were heathens: the kings of Juda were not able to subdue them entirely. Bethsan was situated to the south of the sea of Tiberias, 600 stadia from Jerusalem; (2 Mac. xii. 29,) that is, about 37 leagues, (C.) or 111 miles. H.

30 The children of Aser were Jemna, and Jesua, and Jessui, and Baria, and Sara their sister.


31 And the sons of Baria: Haber, and Melchiel: he is the father of Barsaith. 32 And Heber beget Jephlat, and Somer, and Hotham, and Suaa their sister. 33 The sons of Jephlat: Phosech, and Chamaal, and Asoth: these are the sons of Jephlat. 34 And the sons of Somer: Ahi, and Roaga, and Haba, and Aram.

Ver. 34.  Aram.  Add, "and Helem," (C.) unless Helem was the first-born (v. 35) of Ahi, which signifies "brother."  Perhaps Helem was brother of Somer, called Hotham, v. 32.

35 And the sons of Helem his brother: Supha, and Jemna, and Selles, and Amal. 36 The sons of Supha: Sue, Hernapher, and Sual, and Beri, and Jamra.

37 Bosor and Hod, and Samma, and Salusa, and Jethran, and Bera.

Ver. 37.  Jethran.  Sept. "Jether," as v. seq.


Bosor, 1 (Deut 4:43, etc.; Moab. S., l. 27), prob. Qesûr el-Besheir, S.W. of Dibân. — 2 (1Mac 5:26, 36), very likely Busr el-Harîrî, in the Ledjah. — 3 (1Mac 5:28): Bosra in Hauran. See BOSTRA. --- Bosor means a fortress. It is not wonderful that there should be many places of this name in Arabia, to defend the people from robbers. --- It is sometimes called Besor, and is very different from Bozra of Idumea, (Isai. lxiii. 1,) a very famous city, known to profane authors by the name of Bostra.


Bera (Judg 9:21), prob. El-Bîreh, N. of Jerusalem. --- Bera. Heb. Bar or Beera, "the well." There was a place of this name in the tribe of Ruben, where the Israelites encamped. Num. xxi. 16. Bersabee, in the tribe of Juda, was another famous well, and it is probable that Joatham would retire to some distant place. H.

38 The sons of Jether: Jephone, and Phaspha, and Ara.

Ver. 38.  Jephone.  The father of Caleb was of the tribe of Juda.  C.

39 And the sons of Olla: Aree, and Haniel, and Resia. 40 All these were sons of Aser, heads of their families, choice and most valiant captains of captains: and the number of them that were of the age that was fit for war, was six and twenty thousand.

Ver. 40.  Of captains; a Hebrew idiom, to denote the most excellent.  H.


--- Heb. "chief of the princes."  All mentioned from v. 30, were at the hand of their tribe,  in succession, and led their brethren to battle.  C.

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