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NOW these were the sons of David that were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn Amnon of Achinoam the Jezrahelitess, the second Daniel of Abigail the Carmelitess.

Ver. 1.  Hebron, during the seven years that he reigned there over Juda.  M.


--- Jezrahel, a city of Juda, less noted than the one in Issachar.


--- Daniel, or Cheliab, 2 K. iii. 3.


2 The third Absalom the son of Maacha the daughter of Tolmai king of Gessur, the fourth Adonias the son of Aggith,

Ver. 2.  Aggith.  The mother of Adonias is styled Haggith elsewhere in the Vulg.  H.

3 The fifth Saphatias of Abital, the sixth Jethrahem of Egla, his wife.

Ver. 3.  His wife also.  T.


--- This title refer to all the preceding.  Sanctius.

4 So six sons were born to him in Hebron, where he reigned seven years and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned three and thirty years.

5 And these sons were born to him in Jerusalem: Simmaa, and Sobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four of Bethsabee the daughter of Ammiel.

Ver. 5.  Solomon is put last, though the eldest, because of his genealogy is to be continued.  Some think that the three others were the sons of Urias, adopted by David, as Solomon styles himself an only son; (Prov. iv. 3.) but that only means singularly beloved, and an heir, (C.) as David had certainly another child by Bethsabee, who died in his infancy.  T.


--- Bethsabee.  Syr. and Arab. "Bersabee."  Heb. "Bathshuah," all erroneously.


--- Ammiel, or Eliam, (2 K. xi. 3.) as the same man had two names, (C.) or, in this instance, we must allow a transposition.  H.


6 Jebaar also and Elisama,

Ver. 6.  Elisama, or Elisua.  C. xiv. 5.  C.


--- Heb. substitutes Elishama and Eliphelet, and Nogah, the last name being "an evident corruption of Nepheg, and the two former being taken in to soon, and still repeated, "in their proper places."  The Vat. Sept. is likewise interpolated, (2 K. v. 14, &c.) by the insertion of eleven names from another version, and two names are twice repeated, so that we have 24 sons of David instead of 11.  Kennicott.

7 And Eliphaleeh, and Noge, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

Ver. 7.  Noge; called Noga, (C. xiv. 6.) and omitted entirely in the book of Kings.  Eliphaleth being twice mentioned in this book, has made some conclude that David's first son of this name died in his youth; (C.) which may be said of Elisama also.  Sa.

8 And Elisama, and Eliada, and Elipheleth, nine:

Ver. 8.  Eliada, or Elioda, (2 K. v. 16.) styled Baaliada, (C. xiv. 7.  C.) as both have the same meaning, "God's, or the Lord's knowledge."  H.


--- Nine, excluding the children of Bethsabee.  In 2 K. there are only seven, or, with the sons of Bethsabee, eleven.  There must be a mistake in one place, unless the book of Kings only specifies those who were then alive.  Vatab.  C.

9 All these the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines: and they had a sister Thamar.

Ver. 9.  The concubines.  The inferior wives.  Ch.


--- Some of the preceding sons were born of such, v. 6, &c.


--- Thamar.  She is the only one whose name is mentioned, but David had other daughters.  2 K. vi. 13.

10 And Solomon's son was Roboam: whose son Abia beget Asa. And his son was Josaphat, 11 The father of Joram: and Joram begot Ochozias, of whom was born Joas: 12 And his son Amasias begot Azarias. And Joathan the son of Azarias
13 Beget Achaz, the father of Ezechias, of whom was born Manasses. 14 And Manasses beget Amen the father of Josias. 15 And the sons of Josias were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Joakim, the third Sedecias, the fourth Sellum.

Ver. 15.  Johanan, who is not mentioned in 4 K. xxiii. and xxiv.  Some think that he died young, (Tostat) or in battle with his father, against Pharao.  Pradus.


--- Joakim, or Eliacim, possessed the throne after Joachaz, or Sellum, (C.) which name signifies "confusion," and was given to all the sons of Josias.  S. Jer.


--- Then came Joachin and Sedecias, whose proper name was Matthanias.  H.


--- Joakim is passes over by S. Mat.  S. Jer. ib.

16 Of Joakim was born Jechonias, and Sedecias.

Ver. 16.  Jechonias, who is called also Joakim, (W.) and Cenias in Heb.  Jer. xxii. 28.  C.


--- Both the son and the grandson of Josias go under the name of Jechonias.  Mat. i. 11. Barrad. i. 5. 16.  M.


--- Sedecias.  If this be the same with the king, was born must signify succeeded, as we know that Joakim was not the father of Sedecias.  Grotius, &c.


17 The sons of Jechonias were Asir, Salathiel,

Ver. 17.  Asir, means a "prisoner," so that we might translate, Heb. "and the sons of Jechoias, the prisoner, (at Babylon, 4 K. xxiv. 15.) were Salathiel."  C.


--- Prot. "Assir, Salathiel his son."  H.


--- Some think that the following were the adopted children, or successors of Jechonias; as S. Luke (iii. 24.) insinuates that Neri was the father of Salathiel, and Jeremias (xxii. 30.) seems to declare that Jechonias should have no children.  But he means such as should sit on the throne, as he explains himself, and S. Matthew (i. 12.) expressly says, Jechonias begot Salathiel.

18 Melchiram, Phadaia, Senneser and Jecemia, Sama, and Nadabia.

Ver. 18.  Melchiram, &c. born of Salathiel.  C.


--- Sama.  Sept. "Osamo and Nabadias."  Prot. "Hosahama," &c.  H.

19 Of Phadaia were born Zorobabel and Semei. Zorobabel beget Mosollam, Hananias, and Salomith their sister:

Ver. 19.  Phadaia, called also Salathiel, (Mat. i. 12.) or these two brothers had each a son named Zorobabel.  The grandson of Salathiel was called Abiud, and that of Phadaia, Mosollam, (M.) unless these were the same person.  Sa.


--- Phadaia, son of Salathiel, and father of Zorobabel, left his son to the care of his brother Salatheil, who was therefore accounted the father of Zorobabel too.  C.

20 Hasaba also, and Ohol, and Barachias, and Hasadias, Josabhesed, five. 21 And the son of Hananias was Phaltias the father of Jeseias, whose son was Raphaia. And his son was Arnan, of whom was born Obdia, whose son was Sechenias.

Ver. 21.  Son.  Heb. "sons of Hananias, Phaltias, and Jesacias, the sons of Raphias, the sons of Arnan,...(22) the sons of Sechenias, Semeia, &c."   But the Sept. and Syriac have read in a more intelligible manner, (C.) intimating that these people were lineally descended from each other, (H.) while the Heb. leaves us ignorant of the names of the sons of Rephaias, &c.  C.

22 The son of Sechenias, was Semeia, whose sons were Hattus, and Jegaal, and Baria, and Naaria, and Saphat, six in number.

Ver. 22.  Six.  Counting the father in the number.  Ch.


--- Heb. shisha, or "six."  Sixtus V. with several MSS. Gothic edit. &c. take it improperly for the name of a man.  C.


--- Semeia and his five sons are attributed to Sechenias.  W.


--- Others think that a name has been lost.  Castal.

23 The sons of Naaria, Elioenai, and Ezechias, and Ezricam, three. 24 The sons of Elioenai, Oduia, and Eliasub, and Pheleia, and Accub, and Johanan, and Dalaia, and Anani, seven.

Ver. 24.  Oduia, the 12th from Zorobabel, which shews that this has been inserted since the time of Esdras, and that the author was very careful to preserve the genealogical tables, as it was not known from what family of the descendants of David the Messias should be born.  C.


--- S. Matthew gives us a different genealogy.  D.  C.

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