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NOW these were the divisions of the sons of Aaron: The sons of Aaron: Nadab, and Abiu, and Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2 But Nadab and Abiu died before their father, and had no children: so Eleazar, and Ithamar did the office of the priesthood.

Ver. 2.  Before.  Heb. "in the presence of."  See Lev. x. 2.


--- Priesthood, under Aaron.  Eleazar succeeded him, and the posterity of Ithamar obtained the dignity under Heli.


3 And David distributed them, that is, Sadoc of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their courses and ministry.

Ver. 3.  Ahimelech is styled also Achimelech and Abiathar, v. 6. 21. and C. xviii. 16.  C.


--- Courses, twenty-four, which were to serve by lot, that no one might complain, as they were equally princes, v. 5.  Hence S. Dionisius styles Zachary "prince of the priests."  But the pontiff was over all.  T.

4 And there were found many more of the sons of Eleazar among the principal men, than of the sons of Ithamar. And he divided them so, that there were of the sons of Eleazar, sixteen chief men by their families: and of the sons of Ithamar eight by their families and houses.

Ver. 4.  Houses.  The descendants of Eleazar were far more numerous.

5 And he divided both the families one with the other by lot: for there were princes of the sanctuary, and princes of God, both of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar.

Ver. 5.  Of God, great.  Elohim also signifies "judges," and we might translate, "princes of the judges."  Grot.  D.


--- These men occupied the first dignities of the priesthood, and of the judicature, or they were princes in all sacred affairs.  C.


--- They were to offer sacrifice, and to enjoy spiritual jurisdiction, in the house of God.  W.


--- As their claims were therefore equal, the decision was left to lots.  M.


--- It would have been otherwise difficult for all to be satisfied.  See Jos. vii. 14.  C.

6 And Semeias the son of Nathanael the scribe a Levite, wrote them down before the king and the princes, and Sadoc the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and the princes also of the priestly and Levitical families: one house, which was over the rest, of Eleazar: and another house, which had the rest under it, of Ithamar.

Ver. 6.  Ithamar.  All was done with the utmost order, and the priests took care to observe the regulation, till the end of the republic.  Joseph. vii. 2. and con. Ap. i. and ii.  Lu. i. 5.


--- The family of Eleazar had many prerogatives over the rest, as it was longer in possession of the high priesthood, and more numerous; but that of Ithamar, gave pontiffs to the nation at the time of this regulation.  The Heb. is very obscure, and is deemed incorrect.  Cap.  Grot.  C.


--- Prot. "one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar."


--- The insertion of "one," which is in the Sept. removes the difficulty.  H.


--- The two families were enregistered alternately, (M.) till the eight families of Ithamar were done.  H.

7 Now the first lot came forth to Joiarib, the second to Jedei, 8 The third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim, 9 The fifth to Melchia, the sixth to Maiman, 10 The seventh to Accos, the eighth to Abia,

Ver. 10.  Abia, the progenitor of S. John Baptist.  Lu. i. 5.  Yet whether his father was "chief of the priests" of his course, as S. Dion. asserts, or whether he sprung from Eleazar, or from Ithamar, is uncertain.  T.


11 The ninth to Jesua, the tenth to Sechenia, 12 The eleventh to Eliasib, the twelfth to Jacim,
13 The thirteenth to Hoppha, the fourteenth to Isbaab, 14 The fifteenth to Belga, the sixteenth to Emmer, 15 The seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Aphses, 16 The nineteenth to Pheteia, the twentieth to Hezechiel, 17 The one and twentieth to Jachin, the two and twentieth to Gamul, 18 The three and twentieth to Dalaiau, the four and twentieth to Maaziau. 19 These are their courses according to their ministries, to come into the house of the Lord, and according to their manner under the hand of Aaron their father: as the Lord the God of Israel had commanded.

Ver. 19.  Aaron, and his successors.  The former might have given some directions, which tradition had preserved.  C.

20 Now of the rest of the sons of Levi, there was of the sons of Amram, Subael: and of the sons of Subael, Jehedeia.

Ver. 20.  Subael, grandson of Moses.  C. xxiii. 16.

21 Also of the sons of Rohobia the chief Jesias.

Ver. 21.  Rohobia was in the same degree, by Eliezer.  M.

22 And the son of Isaar Salemoth, and the son of Salemoth Jahath: 23 And his son Jeriau the first, Amarias the second, Jahaziel the third, Jecmaan the fourth.

Ver. 23.  And his.  Prot. "the sons of Hebron, Jeriah, the first."  The words underlined, shew what  omissions are in the text, (H.) which is probably corrupted, as well as the Sept.  Jeria and Amarias were sons of Hebron.  C. xxiii. 19. and xxvi. 31.  Jahath may, therefore, be the same with Hebron.  C.

24 The son of Oziel, Micha: the son of Micha, Samir.

25 The brother of Micha, Jesia: and the son of Jesia, Zacharias. 26 The sons of Merari: Moholi and Musi: the son of Oziau: Benno.

Ver. 26.  The son.  Heb. "the son of Jehasia, or of Oziau..."  But the name of this son is lost.  It is wonderful that the posterity of Gersom are passed over.  C.


--- Prot. "the sons of Jaaziah; Beno.


--- 27.  The sons of Merari, by Jaaziah; Beno, and Shoam."  H.


--- Sept. vary, and the original text is supposed to be changed by some transcriber, (Capel. &c.) as we read only of Moholi and Musi, v. 26, and C. xxiii. 21.

27 The son also of Merari: Oziau, and Seam, and Zacchur, and Hebri. 28 And the son of Moholi: Eleazar, who had no sons. 29 And the son of Cis, Jeramael. 30 The sons of Musi: Moholi, Eder, and Jerimoth. These are the sons of Levi according to the houses of their families.

31 And they also cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron before David the king, and Sadoc, and Ahimelech, and the princes of the priestly and Levitical families, both the elder and the younger. The lot divided all equally.

Ver. 31.  Over-against, in imitation of the priests, (C.) being likewise divided into twenty-four classes.  T.


--- Both, &c.  Heb. "the principal fathers over-against their younger brethren."  All the rest is omitted.  Lots decided the place and functions both of father and children.  H.

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