Ver. 1. Year. Heb. "at the return of the year," in spring. C.
Ver. 2. Melchom. Sept. add the explanation, "their king." It may also be referred to the idol of Ammon. H.
--- The massy crown was suspended over David's head. T. D.
Ver. 3. Harrows. Heb. "cut them with saws, and with harrows; (H.) or, rollers of iron, and with saws." But some other term was probably used, as we find saws before. C.
--- Prot. have "axes." This exemplary punishment was in consequence of the violation of the law of nations. Abulensis pronounced it lawful. Tirin accuses David of a grievous sin of cruelty; observing that he was at this time involved in the sin of adultery: and people easily fall from one abyss into another. Cruelty and lust often go together. Yet it seems best to suspend our judgment. H.
--- David might only treat the most guilty in this manner. D.
Ver. 4. Gazer, which seems preferable to Gob. 2 K. xxi. 18.
Ver. 5. Adeodatus. Heb. "Elchanan, the son of Jair, of Lehem;" or, "slew Lechemi, brother of Goliath;" or equal to him in strength. C.
--- Brother is here supplied, as it is wanting. 2 K. D.
Ver. 7. Rapha, head of the giants of Palestine. C.