Ver. 1. Daughters. Villages (See 2 K. viii. 1. M.) and dependant towns. W.
Ver. 2. Gifts. Heb. mincha, a word used to denote the offerings of bread, &c. Lev. ii. Here it signifies the tribute (C.) imposed on the conquered. H.
Ver. 3. Adarezer, or Adadezer, 2 K.
--- When he, the king of Soba, went to extend. Heb. "to strengthened his hand on the," &c.
--- Hand often denotes power, extent, possession.
Ver. 4. Footmen. Heb. may well signify, "1000 chariot-horses and 7000 men who mounted the chariots and the horses." We only find 1700 horsemen. 2 K. viii. 4. But soon after it is added, David houghed all the chariot-horses. C.
--- They were thus rendered useless. The king was forbidden to keep many horses. D.
Ver. 6. A garrison. Lit. "soldiers." This word has been lost by the neglect of some Heb. transcriber. C.
--- Prot. supply it. H.
Ver. 7. Quivers. Heb. "the shields," &c. The term is variously translated, 2 K.
Ver. 8. Chun, called probably Betath, and Berothai. 2 K.
ChunChun (1Chron 18:8). In the parallel text of 2Sam 8:8, instead of Chun, we find Berothai. If Chun was a distinct city, it might be recognized in Kûnâ, S.W. of Baalbek. --- Chun, called probably Betath, and Berothai. 2 K.
Ver. 10. Adoram, or Joram, ib.
--- Desire. Heb. "to ask if all went well with him, and to bless him.
Ver. 11. Edom, or rather Syria, (Aram) which might easily be exchanged for Edom. 2 K. viii. David could not satisfy his devotion by building a temple; but he made preparations. Solomon left part of the treasures unconsumed, 1 Par. xxvi. 26. C.
--- These effects, being destined for sacred uses, are said to be consecrated to the Lord. W.
AmalecThe people dwelt in tents, and removed from one place to another. So in Ethiopia there are properly no cities, the place where the prince encamps is deemed the capital. C.
Ver. 12. Edomites. David seems to have been present, and the victory is sometimes attributed to him. Joab afterwards slew 18,000. 3 K. xi. 15. title of Ps. ix. S. Jer. Trad. C.
--- Pits. This place was fatal to that nation: there Amasias destroyed 20,000, 2 Par. xxv. 12. T.
Ver. 16. Abiathar and Achimelech had both names indifferently. Heb. reads Abimelech, which is a manifest mistake. The name of Abiathar perhaps ought to be in the place of Achimelech; as we know that he was the son of the latter, and the high priest under David. Some would translate, "and Abiathar, son of Achimelech."
--- Susa, or Saraias, secretary.
Ver. 17. About. Lit. "at the hand of the king," to execute his orders, and to assist him. Sept. "vicegerents." Syr. "princes." They are styled priests. 2 K. viii. 18.