Ver. 1. Siceleg, which had been given to David for a retreat. Hither many brave men came to join him.
--- Fled. Heb. "was shut up through fear." C.
--- Sept. "was under anxiety." H.
Ver. 2. Hand, like Aod. Judg. iii. 15. M.
--- Brethren, of the same tribe. The opinion which they entertained of David, must have been very great, to make them expose themselves to such dangers. In adversity, true friendship and virtue shine the most. C.
--- The hand of providence is here conspicuous. T.
Ver. 4. Thirty. Heb. sheloshim, denotes "the officers" of the army. C.
--- Prot. style this hero "Ismaiah."
Ver. 6. Jesbaam. Probably the second after Joab. C. xi. 11. H.
--- Of Carehim. Heb. "the Korhites." Ken.
--- So also the Sept. There were Levites, descendants of Core. M.
Ver. 8. Gaddi, a city of the tribe of Gad, (2 K. 23.) from which many went to join David, when he was in the country of Moab, (M.) as others of the Gadites did, v. 14.
--- Mountains. A fierce countenance and swiftness were much commended in soldiers. "The eyes are always first conquered." Primi in omnibus præliis oculi vincuntur, says Tacitus, Mor. Germ. C. See Prov. xxx. 30. 2 K. ii. 18. M.
Ver. 14. Thousand, after David had ascended the throne. C.
--- At Siceleg he had only 600. M.
--- Some suppose that each of these officers was worth 100 men, &c. Vatab.
Ver. 15. Month, Nisan. T.
--- Banks. This circumstance enhances their courage. Maundrel (Alep. p. 136) went to see the Jordan, 13th March, 1697, but the river was nine feet from the banks. Its rapidity has perhaps made its bed so much deeper, that it does not overflow so frequently at present. C.
Ver. 16. Hold, in Moab, (1 K. xxii. 4. D. M.) or to Siceleg. The people of Benjamin come with those of Juda, to avoid suspicion. C.
Ver. 17. Hands. At that time he had done no injury to any man. H.
Ver. 18. Spirit of God (C. or good will. D.) prompted Amasai, the chief of "the officers." C.
--- Band, or "of a company." H.
Ver. 19. Fight. They joined him after he had left the Philistines. C.
--- But he. Heb. "they helped them not." Neither David nor his partizans were involved in this danger, which might have caused their fidelity to be suspected. 1 K. xxix. H.
Ver. 20. Thousands: heads of the principal cities. Mic. v. 2. D.
Ver. 21. Rovers of Amalec, 1 K. xxx. 1.
Ver. 22. Of God; very great, (C.) particularly when Isboseth was slain 2 K. v. 1. H.
--- The angels are to us innumerable, Job xxv. An army in concord is compared to them. W.
Ver. 27. Joiada had the post of Eleazar over the Levites, (Num. iii. 32.) and was at the head of the warriors of his tribe, while Abiathar was high priest. C.
Ver. 28. Of excellent. Heb. "of great valour." Saul had appointed him in the place of Achimelec, and David permitted him to retain his dignity.
Ver. 29. Followed. Heb. "kept guard at the palace." These guards submitted to David, like the rest, after the death of Isboseth. C.
Ver. 31. Manasses, west of the Jordan. See v. 37. H.
Ver. 32. Should, in agricultural pursuits, in which those of Issachar excelled. Gen. xlix. 14. Countrymen have often more skill about the weather, then the greatest astronomers, Virg. Georg. i. M. T.
--- Others think that these men could calculate when the festivals would occur, (S. Jer. Trad.) or they were well versed in politics, &c. See Est. i. 13.
Ver. 40. Nephthali. All, both far and near, contributed to regale the deputies. C.