Ver. 1. Abominations, or sins, (M.) marrying with infidels, contrary to the law. Ex. xxxiv. 15. Deut. vii. 3. D.
--- Malachy (ii. 11.) reprehends this conduct, and threatens both rulers and people who tolerate it, with God's indignation. W.
Ver. 2. First. Or "was in this first transgression," incurred by those who returned with Zorobabel; or "was concerned in this very heinous transgression;" in transgressione hac prima. C.
--- Prot. "hath been chief." 3 Esd. "and the leaders and grandees partook in this illegal affair, from its commencement." Sept. "and the hand of the chiefs was in this transgress, in the beginning." This would greatly increase the difficulty of reformation. Some of the princes were however ready to undertake the work, and had preserved themselves from the two general contagion. H.
--- All marriages with the Moabites, &c. were prohibited, if the women remained infidels. Ex. xxxiv. T.
Ver. 3. Coat, (tunicam) or inner garment. H.
--- Mourning. Heb. "astonished." Syr. Mont. C. Prot.
--- Sept. "alone." 3 Esd. "pensive and in grief." H.
--- Arab. "not uttering a word." See Job i. 20. and ii. 8. This was the ordinary posture of people in sorrow. Isai. iii. 26. C.
Ver. 4. To me, in the court of the temple. C. x. 1. M.
--- Sacrifice, which was offered last of all, about sun-set. Ex. xxix. 38. The Jews commonly protract their fasts till the stars appear. Leo, p. 3, art. 8.
Ver. 7. At this day. Notwithstanding the favourable decrees of Cyrus, &c. the greatest part of the people continued in captivity, being dispersed, some into Egypt, others into distant countries, beyond the Euphrates. C.
Ver. 8. As a. Prot. "for a little space, grace hath been shewed from the Lord," (H.) and yet we are again irritating Him! C.
--- A pin, or nail, here signifies a small settlement or holding; which Esdras begs for, to preserve even a part of the people, who, by their great iniquity, had incurred the anger of God. Ch.
--- Allusion is made to the pins which fasten down a tent, (Isai. xxxiii. 20. and liv. 2.) or hinder a ship from being carried from the shore, (Tigur. M.) on which utensils are hung up, (Tournemine) referring to the magistrates, who were now of the same country. T. Isai. xxii. 21. Delrio, adag. 218.
--- Sept. "a support." Heb. yathed, denotes also a walking-stick, nail, &c. M.
--- Eyes, fill us with joy, in perfect security.
--- Little life, free us from danger. C.
--- Esdras is afraid to ask for the impunity of all, but only begs that a small part may be spared, like a nail or post from a house, which may serve to rebuild it. W.
Ver. 9. Fence. Heb. gader, "the name which the Carthaginians" gave to Cadiz, "as it signifies a fence," or an inclosure. Pliny xxii. C.
--- Some Latin MSS. read spem, "hope." Lyran.
--- The Tig. version understands the wall of Jerusalem, built in a hurry. M.
--- But this was not perfected, (H.) if begun, till the time of Nehemias. 2 Esd. i. 3. C.
--- God gave his protection to the people, (H. Delrio, adag. 219.) by the king of Persia. T.
Ver. 11. Mouth, like a vessel brim-full. M.
--- Prot. "from one end ot the other." H.
Ver. 12. Peace. Alliance, (M.) or advantage. See Ps. cxxi. 8. Moses had thus proscribed the Moabites, &c. as he had done the people of Chanaan still more severely. The Israelites were to execute God's decrees. Deut. xxiii. 6. C.
--- The obstinate idolaters were to be exterminated.
Ver. 13. Saved us. Prot. "hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve and hast given us such deliverance as this." Sept. "hast made our transgressions light," (H.) not weighing them with rigid severity. C.
Ver. 14. That. Heb. "should we again break, &c...Wouldst thou not be angry?" &c.
Ver. 15. To be saved from our iniquities, which are still upon us. H.
--- We confess that, if we should be treated according to our deserts, we could expect no redress. But we trust in thy mercies, which have hitherto supported and brought us back from slavery. C.