Gen Ex Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1 Sam 2 Sam 1 Ki 2 Ki 1 Chron 2 Chron Ezra Neh Tob Jdt Esth Job Ps Prov Eccles Song Wis Sir Isa Jer Lam Bar Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jon Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal 1 Mac 2 Mac
AND Israel taking his journey, with all that he had, came to the well of the oath, and killing victims there to the God of his father Isaac,

Ver. 1.  The well of the oath.  Bersabee.

2 He heard him by a vision in the night calling him, and saying to him: Jacob, Jacob. And he answered him: Lo, here I am. 3 God said to him: I am the most mighty God of thy father: fear not, go down into Egypt, for I will make a great nation of thee there.

Ver. 3.  Fear not.  He might be apprehensive, lest his children should be depraved, living among idolaters, or prefer Egypt before the promised land.  He was also afraid to undertake this journey without consulting God.  M.

4 I will go down with thee thither, and will bring thee back again from thence: Joseph also shall put his hands upon thy eyes.

Ver. 4.  Thence; in thy posterity.  Sept. add at last, or after a long time.  Jacob's bones were brought back and buried in Chanaan.  C.


--- Eyes, as he is the most dear to thee.  Parents closed the eyes of their children in death.  The Romans opened them again when the corpse was upon the funeral pire; thinking it a mark of disrespect for the eyes to be shut to heaven; "ut neque ab homine supremum eos spectari fas sit, & cœlo non ostendi, nefas."  Plin. xi. 37.

5 And Jacob rose up from the well of the oath: and his sons took him up, with their children and wives in the wagons, which Pharao had sent to carry the old man,


Jacob Goeth Into Egypt

Jacob Goeth Into Egypt

And Jacob rose up from the well of the oath: and his sons took him up, with their children and wives in the wagons, which Pharao had sent to carry the old man,

6 And all that he had in the land of Chanaan, and he came into Egypt with all his seed:


7 His sons, and grandsons, daughters, and all his offspring together.

Ver. 7.  Daughters.  Dina, and grand-daughter Sara, (v. 17,) and his sons' wives, &c.  C.


--- We may observe, that all here mentioned were not born at the time when Jacob went down into Egypt, but they were before he or Joseph died; that is, during the space of 17 or 71 years.  See S. Aug. q. 151. 173.  M.


--- The names of the Heb. and Sept. vary some little from the Vulgate, which may be attributed to the difference of pronunciation, or to the same person having many names.  The number is also different in the Sept. as the authors of that version have, perhaps, inserted some names taken from other parts of Scripture, to remove any apparent contradiction.  The genealogies of Juda, Joseph, and Benjamin, are carried farther than the rest, as those families were of greater consequence.

8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, that entered into Egypt, he and his children. His firstborn Ruben,


9 The sons of Ruben: Henoch and Phallu, and Hesron and Charmi.

Ver. 9.  Hesron and Charmi were probably born in Egypt, as Ruben had only two sons.  C. xlii. 37.  Philo.


10 The sons of Simeon: Jamuel and Jamin and Ahod, and Jachin and Sohar, and Saul the son of a woman of Chanaan.

Ver. 10.  Jamuel.  Num. xxvi. 12, he is called Namuel.


--- Jachin is Jarid. 1 Par. iv. 24.  C.


11 The sons of Levi: Gerson and Caath and Merari.


12 The sons of Juda: Her and Onan and Sela and Phares and Zara. And Her and Onan died in the land of Chanaan. And sons were born to Phares: Hesron and Hamul.

Ver. 12.  Were born, afterwards.  M.


13 The sons of Issachar: Thola and Phua and Job and Semron.


14 The sons of Zabulon: Sared and Elon and Jahelel. 15 These are the sons of Lia, whom she bore in Mesopotamia of Syria, with Dina his daughter. All the souls of her sons and daughters, thirty-three.

Ver. 15.  Syria.  This must be restrained to her seven children.


--- Thirty-three, comprising Lia, or Jacob; but without Her and Onan, who were dead.  C.

16 The sons of Gad: Sephian and Haggi and Suni and Esebon and Heri and Arodi and Areli. 17 The sons of Aser: Jamne and Jesua and Jessuri and Beria, and Sara their sister. The sons of Beria: Heber and Melchiel.


18 These are the sons of Zelpha, whom Laban gave to Lia his daughter. And these she bore to Jacob, sixteen souls. 19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin. 20 And sons were born to Joseph, in the land of Egypt, whom Aseneth the daughter of Putiphare priest of Heliopolis bore him: Manasses and Ephraim.

Ver. 20.  Ephraim.  The Sept. take in here the children of both.  Num. xxvi. 29. 35.


21 The sons of Benjamin: Bela and Bechor and Asbel and Gera and Naaman and Echi and Ros and Mophim and Ophim and Ared.

Ver. 21.  Benjamin.  Ten in number; though the Sept. have only nine, and suppose that some of them were his grandchildren.  He was 33 (or 24, M.) years old.  C.


--- Grotius thinks three names have been made out of two; Echi, Ros, and mophim, out of Ahiram and Supham, as we read, Num. xxvi. 38.


22 These are the sons of Rachel, whom she bore to Jacob: all the souls, fourteen. 23 The sons of Dan: Husim.

Ver. 23.  Sons.  The Arab. has son.  Husim is Suham, (Num. xxvi. 42,) by change and transposition of letters.  Ken.

24 The sons of Nephtali: Jaziel and Guni and Jeser and Sallem.


25 These are the sons of Bala, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter: and these she bore to Jacob: all the souls, seven. 26 All the souls that went with Jacob into Egypt, and that came out of his thigh, besides his sons' wives, sixty-six.

Ver. 26.  Sixty-six; not including Jacob, Joseph, and his two children, who make up 70, v. 27.  Deut. x. 22.  The Sept. taking in Joseph's grandchildren, read 75; in which they are followed by S. Stephen.  Acts. vii. 14.  See S. Jer. q. Heb.  C.


--- S. Augustine cannot account for these grand-children and great grand-children of Joseph being mentioned as coming with Jacob into Egypt, since some of them were not born during his life-time.  He suspects some hidden mystery.  W.  See v. 7.


--- Some think S. Stephen excludes Jacob, Joseph, and his sons; and included the 64 men, with 11 wives.  D.

27 And the sons of Joseph, that were born to him in the land of Egypt, two souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob, that entered into Egypt, were seventy.


28 And he sent Juda before him to Joseph, to tell him; and that he should meet him in Gessen.

29 And when he was come thither, Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet his father, in the same place: and seeing him, he fell upon his neck, and embracing him wept.

Joseph Meets His Father

Joseph Meets His Father

And when he was come thither, Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet his father, in the same place: and seeing him, he fell upon his neck, and embracing him wept.

30 And the father said to Joseph: Now shall I die with joy, because I have seen thy face, and leave thee alive. 31 And Joseph said to his brethren, and to all his father's house: I will go up, and will tell Pharao, and will say to him: My brethren and my father's house, that were in the land of Chanaan, are come to me:

32 And the men are shepherds, and their occupation is to feed cattle: their flocks and herds, and all they have, they have brought with them. 33 And when he shall call you, and shall say: What is your occupation? 34 You shall answer: We thy servants are shepherds, from our infancy until now, both we and our fathers. And this you shall say, that you may dwell in the land of Gessen, because the Egyptians have all shepherds in abomination.

Ver. 34.  Abomination.  See C. xliii. 32.  The source of this hatred against foreign shepherds, was probably because, about 100 years before Abraham, the shepherd-kings, Hycussos, had got possession of a great part of Egypt, and were at last expelled by the kings of Thebais.  See Manetho ap. Eus. præp. x. 13.  Another reason why they hated foreigners was, because they slew and eat sheep, &c. which they themselves adored.  The Egyptians kept sheep for this purpose, and for the benefits to be derived from their wool, &c.  C. xlvii. 17.  C.


--- Joseph took advantage of this disposition of the inhabitants, to keep his brethren at a distance from them, that they might not be perverted.  He does not introduce them at court, that no jealousy might be excited.  He shews that he is not ashamed of his extraction.  M.

Mt Mk Lk Jn Acts Rom 1 Cor 2 Cor Gal Eph Phil Col 1 Thess 2 Thess 1 Tim 2 Tim Tit Philem Heb Jas 1 Pet 2 Pet 1 Jn 2 Jn 3 Jn Jude Rev


Holy Spirit