Ver. 1. Twelfth. He counts from the captivity of Jechonias, as Sedecias reigned only eleven years. W.
Ver. 2. Dragon, or crocodile; two of the most terrible creatures.
--- With the horn is not expressed in Heb. and the crocodile has nothing like a horn. It has four feet, with which it makes the water muddy. C.
Ver. 3. Net. Sept. "hook." C. xxix. 4. C.
--- Some take the crocodile with a net. v. 3. Elian. Hist. x. 21.
Ver. 5. Corruption. Sept. "blood." But romuth (H.) means rather "worms." Syr. C.
Ver. 7-8. Out, like a candle, by death; extinctus. H.
--- The glory of Egypt was so great, that at its fall the light of heaven seemed diminished. W.
--- Great desolation is thus intimated.
--- When, &c. is not is some Latin copies, nor in Heb. &c. C.
Ver. 9. Anger, as they will not know why I have treated thee so severely: or rather, they shall be afraid for themselves. v. 10. C.
Ver. 12. Invincible, when they wield God's sword. Cyrus easily conquered them. H.
--- Heb. "strong,." Sept. "pestiferous."
Ver. 14. Oil. It is very transparent. It seems the Nile was rendered muddy by cattle, &c.
Ver. 15. Fulness, or all of it shall be desolate.
Ver. 17. Month: probably the twelfth. v. 1.
Ver. 18. Down: announce this catastrophe. C.
--- Apries was slain by order of Amasis. Diodor. 1. Jer. xliv. 30.
Ver. 21. Most. Sept. "giants shall say to thee: Remain in the depth of the pit. Whom dost thou excel? descend," &c. H.
--- They vary much in this chapter from the Heb. S. Jer.
--- Helpers; Lybians, &c. C. xxx. 5. These shall come to compliment the king. C.
--- After a battle, those of the same nation were buried together. v. 22. Theod.
--- The Egyptians had tombs like houses, in which there were separate holes or apartments (C.) as in large vaults. H.
AssurOut of Sennaar, near the city of Babylon. Assur, or Ninus, who founded the Assyrian empire. M.
Ver. 24. Shame. They are buried without any distinction.
Ver. 27. Not. Some copies of Sept. omit the negation. Others render the Heb. "Have they not slept?" &c. These nations were deprived of military honours, dying like cowards; and therefore their swords were not placed with them in the grave. C.
--- It was customary to inter such things as the deceased had like the most. Serv. in Æn. x. Arma quibus lætatus habe tus, &c. Simon (1 Mac. xiii. 29.) placed arms and representations of ships on the pillars at Modin, in honour of his kindred. If Elam, &c. had not received such distinction, why should the Egyptian repine? Were they any better? C.
--- The country and king of the Elamites, Assyrians, and other infidels, shall be destroyed. W.
Ver. 28. Midst. This threat would make great impression on the Egyptians, who were particularly solicitous to be buried with their fathers.
Ver. 29. Edom. Sept. add, "and all the Assyrian princes." Some copies omit Edom. H.
--- This nation had laid aside circumcision, which Hircan forced them to resume. They had been present at the siege of Jerusalem. C. xxxv. C.
Ver. 30. Hunters of men, like Nimrod, the first king of Assyria. H.
Ver. 32. My. Heb. Sept. "his," (C.) alluding to the ravages of Nechao; (Grot.) though the Hebrew may also signify my, as the Jews read Egypt, and Palestine, the land of the living, were filled with terror. After the latter had been chastised, Pharao might dread (C.) a worse fate; (H.) and the multitudes slain before him, might afford him some (C.) wretched consolation. H.
--- It is evident that those nations believed the existence of separate spirits, and had not given in to the errors of the Sadducees, or of the Metempsychosis. C.