Ver. 1. Year, about a month before the fall of Jerusalem.
Ver. 3. Assyrian. The ruin of this great empire (C.) might have admonished the king of Egypt of his frail condition. H.
--- About thirty-eight years before (C.) Ninive had been taken, and its king (Sarac or Chinaladan) slain by his own general, Nabopolassar, and by Astyages, of Media. They divided the empire between them, and the father of Nabuchodonosor fixed his residence at Babylon. Usher, A. 3378.
--- Cedar. Sept. "cypress."
--- Top; the king of Ninive. C.
--- Egypt's monarch thought himself invincible; yet would fall like the Assyrians. W.
Ver. 4. Roots. Various nations paid tribute to the Assyrians, (S. Jer. C.) while he sent his troops, like rivulets, to keep all in subjection. Theod.
Ver. 11. I have delivered. Here the time past is put for the future; i.e. I shall deliver.
--- The mighty one, &c. viz. Nabuchodonosor, who conquered both the Assyrians and Egyptians; (Ch.) or rather his father, Nabopolassar, subdued the former. v. 3. H.
Ver. 12. Strangers; revolted Assyrians. See Ps. xvii. 46.
Ver. 13. Branches. The nations continued, but submitted to another master.
Ver. 14. Pit. The new king would appoint fresh governors.
Ver. 15. Waters, as if they bewailed his fate. C.
--- Those whom the king of Ninive had exalted, and the people, who wished not to submit to a foreigner, would no doubt lament the slaughtered monarch, new silent (H.) in the grave. Theod.
Ver. 16. Comforted. The ghosts of princes who had been subject to Serac, seeing his fall, bore their own misfortune with greater content. In the grave there is no distinction of master and slave. C.
--- Surviving princes expected some emolument from the change. H.
Ver. 17. Arm; those in power. Sept. "his seed." Heb. Zora, (H.) means both.
Ver. 18. Famous king of Assyria, or of Egypt.
--- Pharao. C.
--- Mutato nomine de te
Fabula narratur. Hor. 1. Sat. 1.
--- Though Egypt be like the most potent kingdoms, it shall likewise fall. W.