Ver. 1. House, and furniture. Sept. "all the possessions of Aman, the devil," (accuser, &c. H.) which were confiscated for treason; and no one had a better title than the queen, whose life had been is such danger. Yet she did not touch the estates of the children, v. 13. C. ix. 10.
--- King. in the place of Aman. C. ix. 4. and x. 3.
--- Uncle, or cousin. C.
Ver. 2. Aman. It seems the traitor had hitherto kept possession of it, and sealed the king's edicts, as Mardochai was now to do, v. 8.
--- House. Heb. &c. "of Aman," to whom it had belonged. C.
Ver. 3. Down. such reverence is due to God's representatives, whatever heretics may say. Jude 8.
Ver. 5. To him. Heb. adds, "and I be pleasing in his eyes," which had been expressed just before. Yet she might insist on this point, as it shewed a greater regard for the king's pleasure.
--- I beseech. Heb. "let it be written, to reverse the device of Aman, the son," &c. H.
--- When the edict was not sealed by the nobles, it might be altered; (C. i. 19.) and at any rate, when the king had been to visibly imposed upon, in an affair of such consequence, justice dictated that it should not be enforced. C.
Ver. 7. Durst. Heb. "laid." He had sufficiently manifested his intention to destroy them, though he had not been able to injure any one. H.
Ver. 8. This. Heb. "no one may reverse the letter," &c.
Ver. 9. Third. Rom. Sept. "first...Nisan," ten days after Aman's decree, who seems to have been presently brought to judgment. Yet two whole months might easily elapse, (C.) and ten days more, before this contrary edict was dispatched. H.
--- The day of slaughter was still remote. M.
Ver. 10. Posts, who had a right to make use of any person's horse, &c. M.
--- Who. Prot. "on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries." H.
--- The original terms greatly embarrass interpreters. C.
--- Sept. have simply, "he sent the writings by letter-carriers, ordering them to follow their own laws in every city, to help themselves, and treat their adversaries and opponents as they pleased, on one day...the 13th...of Adar. This is a copy," &c. C. xvi. H.
Ver. 11. Spoil. This was retaliating, as they were to have been treated in like manner. C.
--- Such were the barbarous customs of the country. H.
--- It might not still be lawful thus to involve the innocent with the guilty, though the king did not ill in allowing the Jews to stand up in their own defence. 2 K. xxi. 6. Some think that they were only to prevent the execution of the former edict, which could not be revoked. See C. iii. C.
--- A form of trial was observed. C. xvi. 20. M.
Ver. 15. Cloak. The kings wore one of purple, over their purple and white tunic. Cyrop. viii.
--- Gr. have "diadem." C.
Ver. 17. Ceremonies. Becoming acquainted with the sanctity of the law, and the protection which God gave to his people. M.
--- Heb. "the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast, and a good day, and many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews," &c. Prot. H.