Ver. 1. Babylonia. Sept. "Babylon," where Jechonias was in prison, (H.) now the 5th year. v. 2. Baruch accompanied his brother Saraias. Jer. li. 59. C.
--- Capel. supposes that the author confounded them together, which is not probable. Houb.
THE PROPHECY OF BARUCH.
Baruch was a man of noble extraction, and learned in the law, secretary and disciple of the prophet Jeremias, and a sharer in his labours and persecutions; which is the reason why the ancient Fathers have considered this book as a part of the prophecy of Jeremias, and have usually quoted it under his name. Ch.
--- The frequent Heb. idioms shew it to have been originally in that language. Baruch wrote by inspiration of the Holy Ghost the letter comprising the five first chapters, which he carried to the Jews from their brethren at Babylon. The martyrologies place his death, Dec. 28. The sixth chapter contains a letter of Jeremias, to which allusion is clearly made 2 Mac. ii. 2. The Church still recites the works of Baruch under the name of Jeremias. Sab. Pent. proph. 6. C.
--- Many Fathers did so formerly, though they doubted not but Baruch was the author. See S. Iræn. v. 35. S. Aug. de Civ. Dei. xviii. 33. &c. Others, with Origen (Prin. ii. 3.) specify the writer; and the Councils of Laodicea, Florence, and Trent, decide that it is canonical. S. Jerom alleged it not against the Jews, as they denied its authority. W.
--- See Jer. xxxii. 44. H.
--- In his preface on Jeremias he testifies that "it contains many things relating to Christ and the latter times." W.
--- Grotius in vain attempts to represent some parts as interpolated (C. iii. 38. &c. C.) and L. Cappellus has left some posthumous notes, which would represent the author as a stupid impostor, though he acknowledges his great learning. Houbigant.
Ver. 2. Month, in which the king was taken. C.
--- This was the fifth anniversary. H.
--- Fire: but soon extinguished. Usher
--- The taking of the city was effected at intervals, (H.) during eleven years, in the fifth of which this book was written. Jerusalem was at last reduced to ashes. As yet there were priests, a temple, &c. v. 7, 14. W. C.
Ver. 3. Jechonias. He was in prison, where the Jews met to hear the words of Jeremias; (li. 59. &c. C.) or the king might hear the letter in private. Houbig.
Ver. 4. Sodi. Heb. zud, (H.) means "pride," and probably denotes the great river Euphrates. C.
--- Bochart reads Sur, (Houb.) or Sori. The city Sura was there. C.
Ver. 7. Joakim, or Eliacim, high priest under Manasses, &c. Is. xxii. 20. C.
--- The text only says that he was priest, and Capellus asserts there was no pontiff then. Houbigant.
Ver. 8. Siven; a Syriac month, corresponding with our May. M.
--- Vessels; or, "the vessels were of silver." H.
--- By retrenching a, which, it would seem that they asked for the golden vessels. Sedecias had made silver ones to supply their place. These also might have been taken away. C.
--- Baltassar had still those of gold, (Dan. v. 2. M.) or at least some of them. H.
--- Sedecias, now in favour, only asked for what he had made while a private man. Houbig.
Ver. 9. All. Cunctos should be vinclos, according to the Gr. "prisoners." C.
Ver. 10. Meat. Lit. "manna," as Sept. express Heb. monée; (H.) or as it is pointed, mincha; which properly means an "oblation" (Jer. xvii. 26. M.) of bread, wine, &c. C.
--- And offerings. Lit. "offer."
--- Gr. "has for sin before frankincense. H.
Ver. 11. King. Gratitude and duty prompted them. Jer. xxix. 7. and 1 Tim. ii. 2.
--- Baltassar. Evilmerodac, his elder brother, was in disgrace. Lyran. Jer. lii. 31. C.
--- Heaven, as long and prosperous as possible. H.
--- It was a customary salutation to say, O king, live for ever. Dan. ii. 4. Ps. lxxxviii. 30. C.
--- Cappel. says Baltassar was not yet born. But how does he know this? It might be the title of the heir apparent, (H.) or of the king's sons. We need not decide in a point of such antiquity. Houbig.
Ver. 12. Eyes, putting an end to our captivity, (Badwell) or causing us to detest our sins. C.
--- Days. This they knew was God's decree, and they submit. H.
--- They prefer serving the Chaldees before other foreign nations. W.
Ver. 14. Proper festival days. C.
--- Heb. mohed, or muád. They were still observed (H.) in the temple.
Ver. 20. Curses against transgressors. Lev. xxvi. Dan. ix. 11. C.
--- Day. We feel the effects of sin. The land of Juda was not flourishing, though not yet laid waste. H.
Ver. 22. Serve, or sacrifice unto: (Sanct.) operata Deo: (Tibul.) or to worship. C. ii. 21. C.