Ver. 1. Hook. Heb. "basket of summer fruit." Sept. "bird cage or net." H.
--- Israel was ripe for destruction. v. 2. C. vii. 8. C.
--- Not only those who were near, (4 K. xv. 29.) but the rest also were taken, (4 K. xvii. 6.) as we pull with a hook the fruit when we cannot reach otherwise. W.
Ver. 3. Temple, when God comes like a mighty warrior; or when the profane temples shall be pillaged. C. ix. 1. Heb. also, "the canticles of the temple or palace shall be changed into lamentations."
--- Place. Heb. "a multitude of dead bodies shall be cast in every place. Keep silence." C.
Ver. 5. Mouth: the first day was observed as a festival. Num. x. 10. H.
--- At the expiration of the month usurers demanded their money. Hor. i. sat. 3. Aristoph. Nub. ii. 1.
--- Corn, to sell after the sabbatical year, when it was dearest. Sabbath also denotes all "festivals." These misers think that there are too many.
--- Sicle. Having a large measure to buy, and a small one to sell again. Deut. xxv. 13. Prov. xx. 10.
Ver. 6. Shoes, for almost nothing. Thus they forced the poor to serve, or to sell their effects.
Ver. 7. Jacob, because the rich despise the poor. It may also mean, that he swore by heaven, or the temple, (Lev. xxvi. 19.) or that he would destroy the high places. C.
Ver. 8. Altogether. Sept. "its total ruin shall rise as a river."
--- Egypt. The whole land shall be visited with misery, as Egypt is by the Nile. H.
--- The enemy shall retire with the booty. The Nile overflows in summer, and covers Egypt for six weeks, carrying much earth with its impetuous waves. Is. xviii. 2.
Ver. 9. Light. Usher (A. 3213.) explains this of an eclipse, at Pentecost. The Fathers generally understand that which accompanied the death of Christ; but it only implies great desolation and terror. Jer. xv. 9. Joel iii. 11. S. Jer. &c. C.
--- In their greatest prosperity, calamities shall unexpectedly fall upon them. W.
Ver. 10. Baldness, the hair being cut in mourning. Job i. 20.
--- Son, most afflicted. Zac. xii. 10. Jer. vi. 26. C.
Ver. 11. Lord. During the siege provisions were wanting, but instruction still more so. W.
--- Israel had banished Amos. They would be left destitute. We find no prophet among the during the captivity, except Tobias. C. xiii. 3. We may apply this to the state of the Jews since the death of Christ. They have no guides. C.
--- They read incessantly, and do not understand (S. Jer. Mercer.) the Bible, which non will ever penetrate who refuse to receive the key from the Church. H.
Ver. 12. Sea to sea: from west to south, or to the ocean; in whatever part of the world they may be. C.
Ver. 14. Sin. Sept. "propitiation," which the pagans deemed requisite; (Hor. i. ode 2.) or worship (H.) of Baal, (4 K. xvii. 16. C.) and all the other superstitions. H.
--- Way. Sept. "thy God," or religion, (Acts ix. 2.) or pilgrimage to Bersabee. C. v. 5. Perhaps the true God was here adored; but it was in a manner which he condemned. C.
--- In vain do those pretend to honour Him, who follow the traditions of unbelieving men. H.